By Kirschkamp A.
Businesses have to establish hazards and possibilities of environmental adjustments which will adapt to or very likely even to persuade them. Early caution which includes scaning and interpretation performs a massive position during this method. while the normal contingency method considers early caution as part of the organizational constitution, the prolonged contigency thought assumes the extra impact of an individual's character on early caution.
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Additional resources for A Contigency-Based View of Chief Executive Officer's Early Warning Behavior: An Emirical Analysis of German Medium-Sized Companies
8f. See Kim (1993), p. 37f. and Simon (1991), p. 129ff. 26 Understanding of Early Warning in Literature and Definition of Important Terms Part B organization then has to be considered 172 because most of the time a group of people decides about organizational reactions to environmental change. Then, within the organization this knowledge has to be stored. 173 An exemplary model of organizational learning is the 4I model, developed by CROSSAN et al. 175 These two steps are similar to the two steps scanning and interpretation of DAFT and WEICK.
498. See Gomez (1983), p. 16. See Krystek and Müller-Stewens (1993), p. 160. See Ansoff (1975), p. 23. 2. 7 and Reinhardt (1984), p. 26ff. See Welge and Al-Laham (2001), p. 301. See Aguilar (1967), p. 19ff. for the typical terminology in English literature. See Battelle-Institut (1978) and Battelle-Institut (1979). See Krystek and Müller-Stewens (1993), p. , p. 216ff. and Müller-Stewens and Lechner (2001), p. 152ff and p. 168f. This is the way strategic early warning is for example conducted at Daimler Benz Aerospace.
See Krystek and Müller-Stewens (1993), p. 59. For a general critique of business ratios see Küting and Weber (1999), p. 48ff. See Krystek (1990), p. 70. Schäffer considers the comparison of extrapolated values with planned ones also as a comparison of planed values with real ones. See Schäffer (2001), p. 13. See also Weber (2004), p. 225ff. See Krystek and Müller-Stewens (1993), p. 76. See Krystek and Müller-Stewens (1990), p. 340 and Ansoff, Kirsch and Roventa (1983), p. 244. They use qualitative data and soft facts synonymously.