By Ray Abrahams
In accordance with box study in jap Finland now not faraway from the Russian border, this ebook is an account of the most positive aspects of rural society within the sector. It will pay specified realization to the adaptability of farming households in a quickly altering international. topics handled comprise marriage and the family members, paintings and mechanization, succession to farms, and the paradoxical blend of fierce individualism and cooperation. significant issues of the booklet are the relation among legislation and customized, which isn't regularly what it kind of feels at the floor, and the complicated interlocking of farm, kinfolk, and the broader society.
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Additional info for A Place of their Own: Family Farming in Eastern Finland
The Tsarist regime's overthrow in 1917 was followed by the restoration of Finland's previous autonomous status by the new Russian provisional government which also, however, claimed for itself the rights previously held by the Tsars. In the aftermath of earlier conflict and resistance, this was not acceptable to the Finns. In July 1917, the Socialist-led Parliament arrogated to itself the Tsar's rights vis-a-vis internal policy, but left rights over foreign policy to the Russian authorities. This measure failed to satisfy the politicians on the right and also many of the people, since it fell short of full independence and it left the country with no clear head of state.
On the other hand, it is true also that some labourers were members of former farming families who had fallen on hard times, and the same is true of some of the tenants and most if not all of the lodgers. To the limited extent that I have been able to trace the subsequent lives of such people, it appears that most of them and their children remained relatively poor. My next data set for the village is the list of 1866-7. By this time the population had grown to 947, and the number of land-holding households had increased to seventy.
Much of Finland's post-war success in creating a stable environment for social and economic development has depended upon the successful pursuit of the foreign policies, towards both East and West, of Kekkonen and his predecessor in the presidency, Paasikivi. 12 A modus vivendi with the Soviet Union has been established, and Finland has been able to develop as a fundamentally 'northern' country rather than in any sense a Russian satellite. It has close cultural, political and economic ties with Sweden and the other Scandinavian countries.