Advanced Power Plant Materials, Design and Technology by Dermot Roddy

By Dermot Roddy

Fossil-fuel energy vegetation account for almost all of globally strength iteration. expanding international power calls for, coupled with problems with getting older and inefficient energy vegetation, have resulted in new strength plant building courses. As more affordable fossil gasoline assets are exhausted and emissions standards are tightened, utilities are turning to energy vegetation designed with functionality in brain to fulfill specifications for enhanced potential, potency, and environmental features. Designed for energy plant engineers and operators, complex strength Plant fabrics, layout and know-how presents a accomplished reference at the state-of-the-art of gas-fired and coal-fired energy vegetation, their significant parts, and function development thoughts. the 1st a part of the publication significantly stories complex strength plant designs that concentrate on either larger potency and versatile operation. The ebook discusses mixed cycle expertise and fabrics functionality concerns. the second one half describes significant plant elements that increase the operation, together with complicated membrane expertise for hydrogen and carbon dioxide separation in addition to flue gasoline dealing with applied sciences for better emissions keep an eye on of sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, mercury, ash, and particulates. This part additionally covers high-temperature sensors and tracking and keep an eye on know-how which are necessary to energy plant operation and function optimization. half 3 starts with insurance of low-rank coal upgrading and biomass source usage for better strength plant gasoline flexibility. It additionally explores routes to enhance environmental impression, with chapters detailing the combination of underground coal gasification and the appliance of carbon dioxide catch and garage. The booklet additionally covers greater iteration functionality utilizing syngas and hydrogen creation from fossil-fuel feedstocks.

Show description

Read or Download Advanced Power Plant Materials, Design and Technology (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy) PDF

Similar power systems books

Fundamentals of Power Electronics

In lots of college curricula, the ability electronics box has developed past the prestige of comprising one or special-topics classes. usually there are a number of classes facing the ability electronics box, protecting the themes of converters, motor drives, and tool units, with potentially extra complex classes in those components to boot.

Electric Motors and Drives. Fundamentals, Types and Applications

Electrical vehicles and Drives is meant for non-specialist clients of electrical vehicles and drives, filling the distance among maths- and theory-based educational textbooks and the extra prosaic 'handbooks', which supply worthwhile element yet little chance for the improvement of genuine perception and realizing.

Lord Kelvin : his influence on electrical measurements and units

Kelvin's nice accomplishment was once to compile all of the experimental scientists of his time into one co-operative organization for investigators whose person efforts have been aided by means of their mixed effects, expressed in a notation and defined in language understood by means of every body. summary: This ebook concentrates upon the paintings of Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) in 3 levels; discovery of the elemental innovations and coding them into common legislation, best the adoption of the metric approach, and securing world wide use of devices and criteria (now the IEC system).

Extra resources for Advanced Power Plant Materials, Design and Technology (Woodhead Publishing Series in Energy)

Example text

In terms of substrate, superalloys with high Cr content exhibit the best corrosion resistance, while superalloys with high aluminium content offer increased oxidation resistance and improved coating compatibility. In nickel-based superalloys, the higher aluminium concentration also promotes the precipitation of a strengthening second phase known as gamma prime (γ0 ). Gamma prime is an inter-metallic compound with an ordered crystal structure and a composition based on Ni3Al. The gamma prime exhibits a yield stress anomaly whereby its strength increases with temperature, and it is this attribute that imparts superalloys with their exceptional hightemperature mechanical properties.

The tubes through which water or steam flow are finned to enhance heat transfer surface area. Gas turbine exhaust flowing over the tubes is contained in a casing without any refractory lining because of the significantly lower temperatures as compared to a fired boiler. Since the gas is essentially free of particulates, high gas velocities can be maintained to enhance heat transfer further. However, pressure drop across the HRSG is increased as the velocity is increased, while gas turbine output and efficiency are decreased.

W. , ‘Overview development of superalloys’, Material Science and Technology, September 1987, 3. Crosby, J. , Bons, J. , and Fletcher, T. , ‘Effects of particle size, gas temperature, and metal temperature on high pressure turbine deposition in land based gas turbines from various synfuels’, ASME Turbo Expo 2007, Montreal, Canada, GT2007-27531, 2007. , Kiesow, H. , ‘The history of the Siemens gas turbine’, ASME Turbo Expo 2008, Berlin, Germany, GT2008-50507, 2008. Erickson, G. , ‘Superalloy developments for aero and industrial gas turbines,’ Proceedings of ASM 1993 Materials Congress Materials Week ’93, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvannia, 17–21 October 1993.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.55 of 5 – based on 26 votes

Related posts