Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion by Fangming Jin

By Fangming Jin

This bookreviews the hot advances in hydrothermal conversion of biomass into chemical compounds and fuels, and contains 15 chapters. It introduces the homes of high-temperature water, the benefits of hydrothermal conversion of biomass, and a few novel hydrothermal conversion approaches, commonly together with hydrothermal creation of value-added items, hydrothermal gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction and hydrothermal carbonization. This booklet introduces a brand new inspiration for counteracting the imbalance within the carbon cycle, that is attributable to the quick intake of fossil fuels in anthropogenic actions together with the sluggish formation of fossil fuels. as a result, the ebook comes in handy in conveying a primary knowing of hydrothermal conversion of biomass within the carbon cycle in order that a contribution could be made to reaching sustainable power and atmosphere. it's also fascinating to a large readership in a number of fields together with chemical, geologic and environmental technological know-how and engineering.

Fangming Jin is a wonderful Professor on the college of Environmental technology & Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong college, China

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Application of Hydrothermal Reactions to Biomass Conversion

This bookreviews the hot advances in hydrothermal conversion of biomass into chemical compounds and fuels, and contains 15 chapters. It introduces the houses of high-temperature water, the benefits of hydrothermal conversion of biomass, and a few novel hydrothermal conversion procedures, ordinarily together with hydrothermal creation of value-added items, hydrothermal gasification, hydrothermal liquefaction and hydrothermal carbonization.

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Wakai C, Yoshida K, Tsujino Y, Matubayasi N, Nakahara M (2004) Effect of concentration, acid, temperature, and metal on competitive reaction pathways for decarbonylation and decarboxylation of formic acid in hot water. Chem Lett 33(5):572–573 53. Marshall W, Franck E (1981) Ion product of water substance, 0–1000 °C, 1–10,000 bars new international formulation and its background. J Phys Chem Ref Data 10(2):295–304 54. Peterson AA, Vogel F, Lachance RP, Froling M, Antal MJ, Tester JW (2008) Thermochemical biofuel production in hydrothermal media: A review of sub- and supercritical water technologies.

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The second step is to further convert the furans and lactic acid or levulinic acid produced in the first step into acetic acid 36 Y. Wang et al. Fig. 2 Two proposed two-step processes for enhancing acetic acid yield. a Reprinted with permission from Ref. [12]. Copyright 2005 American Chemical Society. b Reprinted with permission from Ref. [44]. Copyright 2012 American Chemical Society by oxidation with newly supplied H2O2. It was shown that the acetic acid yield was greatly increased by the two-step process.

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