Biological Monitoring in Water Pollution by John Cairns

By John Cairns

Publication through Cairns, John

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1974, 1 9 7 5 ) u s e d sulfate u p t a k e ( a s s i m i l a t o r y sulfate r e d u c ­ T w o such functionally based systems are " B i o M o - tion) to calculate b o t h p h o t o s y n t h e t i c a n d h e t e r o t r o ­ n i t o r " ( C l a r k e et ai, phic microbial et ai, growth. Sulfate uptake experiments 1976; Solyom, 1 9 7 7 ) and "Toxiguard" (Solyom 1977). Both systems measure partially avoid c a r b o n substrate p r o b l e m s since most B O D in m o d e l a c t i v a t e d s l u d g e u n i t s r e c e i v i n g m i c r o b i a l o r g a n i s m s will t a k e u p sulfate a t a fairly s a m e effluent constant B O D b e l o w a p r e d e t e r m i n e d limit signal t h e rate with little luxury uptake (Rodgers, as the treatment plant.

Using eight P a g e 1188, c o l u m n 2 , p a r a g r a p h 2. T h e second g e n e r a t i o n fish m o n i t o r i n g s y s t e m is f u r t h e r d e s c r i b ­ g o l d e n o r f e , a r e s p o n s e b y 50^70 o f t h e fish t o 0 . 1 p p m e d b y G r u b e r et al. ( 1 9 8 0 ) . T h e flexibility a n d p o w e r t h i o d a n w a s n o t e d f o r 114 m i n u t e s o f e x p o s u r e . It of micro- a n d m i n i - c o m p u t e r - b a s e d systems such as w a s a l s o n o t e d t h a t s i m i l a r fish t e s t a l a r m d e v i c e s i n ­ these a p p e a r t o offer t h e best p o t e n t i a l for integra­ d i c a t e d p o s s i b l e t o x i c i t y in t h e w a t e r o f t h e Main tion of biological m o n i t o r i n g systems with physical- R i v e r ( G e r m a n y ) s e v e r a l d a y s p r i o r t o a l a r g e fish kill c h e m i c a l d a t a for c o n t r o l o f w a s t e w a t e r d i s c h a r g e s (Cairns & Gruber, (Scharf, 1979).

G r u b e r D . & Cairns J. J r . (1981) D a t a acquisition a n d evaluation in biological monitoring systems. Hydrobiologia, 8 3 ( 3 ) , 387-393. G r u b e r D . , Cairns J. J r . , Dickson K. L. & H e n d r i c k s A . C . (1979) A c i n e m a t o g r a p h i c investigation into the fish's bioelectric breathing signal. J. Fish. Biol. 14, 429-436. G r u b e r D . , Cairns J . J r . , Dickson K. , H e n d r i c k s A . C. & Miller W . R. III. (1980) Recent concepts a n d develop­ m e n t of an a u t o m a t e d biological monitoring system.

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