Caborn-Welborn: Constructing a New Society after the Angel by David Pollack

By David Pollack

Caborn-Welborn, a past due Mississippian (A.D. 1400-1700) farming society situated on the confluence of the Ohio and Wabash Rivers (in what's now southwestern Indiana, southeastern Illinois, and northwestern Kentucky), constructed following the cave in of the Angel chiefdom (A.D. 1000-1400). utilizing ceramic and cost info, David Pollack examines the ways that that new society reconstructed social, political, and fiscal relationships from the remnants of the Angel chiefdom. This e-book makes to be had for the 1st time certain, well-illustrated descriptions of Caborn-Welborn ceramics, identifies ceramic kinds and attributes that mirror Caborn-Welborn interplay with Oneota tribal teams and imperative Mississippi valley Mississippian teams, and provides an inner nearby chronology. according to intraregional alterations in ceramic ornament, the categories of vessels interred with the useless, and cemetery position, Pollack means that as well as the previous Angel inhabitants, Caborn-Welborn society can have incorporated families that relocated to the Ohio/Wabash confluence from close by collapsing polities, and that Caborn-Welborns sociopolitical association can be greater regarded as a riverine confederacy.

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Additional info for Caborn-Welborn: Constructing a New Society after the Angel Chiefdom Collapse

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Plates Plates are a variety of bowls, and sometimes it is dif¤cult to distinguish them from shallow bowls with outslanting walls. 6. Shallow bowls: top, with outslanting walls and ®at bottom; bottom, with outslanting walls, ®at bottom, and castellated rim. 7. ); d, arm or leg; f,g, human. 5j,k). Undoubtedly, some of the rims assigned to the shallow bowl category represent portions of plates lacking this distinctive well. Bell Plain plate rims range in ori¤ce diameter from 16 to 28 cm. Bottles Long-necked, hooded, wide-mouthed, and neckless bottles can be present in Caborn-Welborn collections.

A constriction of the ®oodplain on both sides of the Ohio River marks the western edge of the Caborn-Welborn region. Although no Caborn-Welborn sites have been found downstream from the mouth of the Saline River, this area does appear to have supported earlier Mississippian populations, as evidenced by small regional centers such as Tolu (Webb and Funkhouser 1931) and Orr Herrl (Butler et al. 1). d. 1400 Mississippian Regional Centers 25 agricultural soils and other resources to support Caborn-Welborn households, had they chosen to settle in this area.

The demise of the Angel chiefdom did bring with it some important changes, however. Beans were added to the Caborn-Welborn diet. Ceramic designs were no longer made using the negative painting technique. Cemeteries were associated with all Caborn-Welborn domestic sites, not just the largest ones. And missing from the Caborn-Welborn settlement system is a clearly identi¤able regional center with platform mounds. Platform mounds signi¤ed the presence of an elite class at Angel. d. 1400 Mississippian Regional Centers ments, the transition from Angel to Caborn-Welborn was marked by changes in the social and political boundaries that de¤ned the status and responsibilities of Caborn-Welborn leaders.

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