Cell Adhesion Molecules in Human Transplantation (Medical by Gustav Steinhoff

By Gustav Steinhoff

Clinical college Hannover, Germany. offers a wide survey approximately most recent learn in expression and induction of varied intercellular adhesion molecules in scientific kidney, liver, center, and lung transplantation. For researchers.

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Extra info for Cell Adhesion Molecules in Human Transplantation (Medical Intelligence Unit)

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Numerous studies of HLA class II expression have been performed using antibodies against monomorphic determinants of class II antigens, incapable of distinguishing the individual HLA-DR, DQ and DP antigens. 238 The expression of class II antigens on large vessel endothelium is variable, ranging from weakly positive to negative. 238,241 In a recent analysis of preanastomosis biopsies from living related donors, class II antigens were consistently detected on endothelium, but all renal tubules were class II negative (Koo and Fuggle; unpublished data).

4,219 ICAM-3 expression in normal kidney is restricted to interstitial leukocytes and occasional leukocytes within the glomeruli. In renal biopsies obtained from rejecting grafts infiltrating leukocytes were positively stained for ICAM-3. 397,555 VCAM-1. 26,93,111,113,121,242,254,328,472,555,703,836 In the pretransplant kidney VCAM-1 is constitutively expressed on the parietal epithelial cells of the Bowman’s capsule, weakly detected on mesangium and may be observed on an occasional intertubular structure (either interstitial leukocyte or capillary).

Intermediate phase of inflammation. The event is characterized by the activation of endothelial cells and a temporary adhesion of leukocytes. It is induced by cytokines, “rolling” contact of leukocytes, tissue ischemia, toxins as lipopolysaccharides and (viral) infectious pathogens. The Intermediate Phase of Transplant Inflammation The intermediate phase of an inflammatory reaction may involve mainly endothelial activation and temporary leukocyte adhesion at activated endothelia. The intravascular adhesion molecules as CD44, VCAM-1, LFA-3 and PECAM (CD31) may appear in this stage of inflammation.

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