By Martin Rice, Susan K. Cutler
Completely up-to-date, the fifth variation of scientific learn IN OCCUPATIONAL remedy permits the graduate scholar and scientific researcher to layout and perform a examine examine from the formula of a learn speculation to accumulating information using consumer pleasant step by step methods. An introductory bankruptcy at the historical past of scientific examine aquaints the scholar with the connection among learn and medical perform. step by step tactics and examples are used all through to lead the coed throughout the means of determining an issue, reviewing literature, designing study protocols, determining final result measures, imposing examine, and writing the implications. Descriptive and inferential facts are defined in a step by step technique, and examples of qualitative and quantitative study are integrated in order to give you the pupil with instruments to behavior their very own learn and review present examine info. a piece on writing questionnaires and surveys is helping scholars build trustworthy and legitimate tools, and knowledge on clinical writing and thesis education is gifted. also, moral concerns for proficient consent are addressed, with examples of consent kinds integrated.
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Extra resources for Clinical Research in Occupational Therapy
The evolution of the dynamic understanding of the © Cengage Learning 2013 Progress in Surgery, Clinical Medicine, and Public Health up until Pasteur’s Formulation of the Germ Theory in 1878 disease process is described in Table 1–4. During this stage, an understanding of the etiology of a disease through experimental laboratory research was used to verify cause-effect relationships. This breakthrough in treating disease on a scientific basis started with Pasteur’s discovery of the germ theory. From Pasteur’s work, laboratory scientists were able to investigate disease processes by identifying a specific microorganism.
The understanding of the dynamics of disease led to the science of clinical medicine. Physicians were then able to diagnose disease through laboratory microscope techniques, thus replacing vitalism and metaphysics as explanations for the onset of communicable disease. Probably the most important work on medical research in the nineteenth century was Claude Bernard’s Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine published in 1895. Pasteur acknowledged Bernard as an important influence in his own work.
From 1850 to 1910, the process of identifying the germ responsible for a disease and the discovery of a chemical to eliminate the germ was the basis for the rapid conquest of many communicable diseases. The elimination of many communicable diseases would not have occurred without the microscope and the laboratory techniques of microbiology and biochemistry. The technology for protecting the individual from infectious diseases was a direct result of the understanding of human physiology and cellular theory.