Environmental Impacts of International Shipping: The Role of by Nils Axel Braathen (ed.), OECD

By Nils Axel Braathen (ed.), OECD

Whereas effective ports are very important to the commercial improvement in their surrounding parts, the similar send site visitors, the dealing with of the products within the ports and the hinterland distribution could cause a few destructive environmental affects. This e-book examines the environmental affects of foreign maritime delivery, and appears extra intimately on the affects stemming from near-port transport actions, the dealing with of the products within the ports and from the distribution of the products to the encircling areas. It specializes in 5 ports: la and lengthy seashore, California, the us; Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Port Metro Vancouver, Canada; and Busan, Korea. The booklet presents examples of the environmental difficulties concerning port actions (such as pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases, water toxins, noise, unfold of invasive species, etc.) and highlights a few diversified coverage tools that may be used to restrict the detrimental affects. it's a necessary source for coverage makers and researchers alike. additional analyzing : Globalisation, shipping and the surroundings (2010)

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6. Number of vessels entering and leaving the Busan Port Vessels 1970 1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008 38 633 22 873 37 419 61 387 72 022 96 711 115 931 Source: MLTM, 2010. 7. Trend of import and export of containers through the Busan Port 1 000 TEU 1993 1996 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2 998 4 374 6 383 9 453 11 492 12 039 13 453 Source: MLTM, 2010. 8. Container terminals at the Busan North Port Container Terminal Quay length Total area 647 000 Handling capacity m2 1 500 000 TEU Jaseongdae 1 447 m Shinseondae 1 500 m 1 039 000 m2 1 039 000 TEU Gamman 1 400 m 731 000 m2 731 000 TEU Singamman 826 m 308 000 m2 308 000 TEU Uam 500 m 184 000 m2 184 000 TEU Source: MLTM, 2010.

By putting in place a carbon tax on bunkers) – the ship could simply buy its bunker fuel in a neighbouring country not applying such a tax instead. e. g. the real SO2, NOx, or noise emissions from each ship) – and of each unit of equipment operating in each harbour. But while this probably would be impossible to do for the harbour equipment, one could probably in principle do so for, at least, the larger ships – assuming that an adequate international framework was put in place. Given the huge costs of building a new ship, the additional costs of installing the necessary equipment to provide real-time monitoring of many of the relevant emissions would be relatively modest.

5 million. The Port of Busan is geographically very limited, facing mountains northwards and the ocean southwards, so it expands narrowly eastwards and westwards. Korea’s economy depends on imports of major materials and exports of manufactures, totalling together more than 80% of GDP. As the biggest port in Korea, the Busan Port handled more than 70% of the container traffic (11 955 thousand containers) in 2009. Busan Port also handled 18 million tonnes of general cargo in 2009. Import and export of cargo through the Port of Busan has continuously increased during the last years.

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