Eugenics and Modernization in Interwar Romania (Pitt Russian by Maria Bucur

By Maria Bucur

Eugenics hobbies received momentum all through jap Europe among global Wars I and II. Maria Bucur demonstrates that the significance of the eugenics circulation in Romania rests now not lots within the contributions made to the examine of technology as within the realm of nationalist ideology and social coverage making. The thought that the standard and volume of the human species may possibly and will be managed manifested itself via social engineering initiatives starting from reshaping gender roles and keeping apart ethnic undesirables to introducing wide public overall healthiness measures and academic reform. Romanian eugenicists sought to regulate such modernization techniques as urbanization and industrialization with out curtailing them, but in addition they embraced attitudes extra generally pointed out with anti-modernists in Romanian politics and tradition. Bucur is the 1st historian to discover the function of eugenics as a reaction to the demanding situations of kingdom- and state-building in jap Europe. She provides a balanced overview of the interwar eugenics movement’s good fortune and screw ups and identifies connections and discontinuities among the circulate and the post-war communist regime.

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Extra info for Eugenics and Modernization in Interwar Romania (Pitt Russian East European)

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10 chapter one researchers who are famous already. To remedy the problem of familiarity, the methods of blind evaluation and the publication of evaluation results are employed in an attempt to prevent such biases from slipping into the procedures. At CASS considerable effort is made to ensure evaluation methods are as neutral, consistent and precise as possible. This is accomplished by introducing various systems that judge research on its social, scientific and academic value, and by means of direct criteria (based on the aims set by the research itself) and indirect criteria (in comparison with existing research).

19 The concept of propaganda is usually related to political forms of governance and public opinion, illustrated by the Big Dictionary. 20 Similarly, with regard to Chinese propaganda, the CCP only refers to two categories, ‘leadership’ and ‘the masses of the People’, while discussions on public communica17 The Dictionary also makes a distinction between seven categories of propaganda: political propaganda, economic propaganda, theoretical propaganda, legal propaganda, military propaganda, civil propaganda, and science and technology propaganda.

In Chapter 1 I discuss the main questions raised in this book, and the research methods and sources used for this book. Chapter 2 describes the organizational structure of CASS, and defines its position vis-à-vis the state and the CCP. In Chapter 3, I briefly outline the institutional history of CASS as a division of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, known otherwise as the Xuebu, and discuss changing relations between the state and academic work since 1949, and developments that led to establishing CASS.

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