Fifty Thinkers Who Shaped the Modern World by Stephen Trombley

By Stephen Trombley

The development of contemporary concept is traced through a chain of available profiles of the main influential thinkers in each area of highbrow exercise on account that 1789

No significant consultant of post-Enlightenment concept escapes Trombley's awareness during this heritage: the German idealists Kant, Fichte, Schelling, and Hegel; the utilitarians Bentham and Mill; the transcendentalists Emerson and Thoreau; Kierkegaard and the existentialists; founders of recent fields of inquiry corresponding to Weber, Durkheim, and C.S. Peirce; the analytic philosophers Russell, Moore, Whitehead, and Wittgenstein; political leaders from Mohandas ok. Gandhi to Adolf Hitler; and—last yet no longer least—the 4 shapers-in-chief of our glossy international: the thinker, historian, and political theorist Karl Marx; the naturalist Charles Darwin, proposer of the speculation of evolution; Sigmund Freud, the daddy of psychoanalysis; and the theoretical physicist Albert Einstein, begetter of the specific and common theories of relativity and founding father of post-Newtonian physics. This book offers a crisp research in their key principles, and every so often a reevaluation in their value as we continue into the twenty first century.

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The logical questions, on the other hand, do not refer directly to the objeets, but to sentences, terms, theories, and so on, whieh themselves refer to objeets. ,,20 For example, the sentences "New York is a big city" and "10 is an even number" express answers to the object-questions. " On the other hand, the sentence "A and Bare equivalent" and "B and C are synonymous" belong to the sphere of logical questions. The distinction (11) is restricted to logical questions and explained in the following quote: "What is the meaning of this or that coneept?

Neurath, and R. Carnap, "Wissenschafliehe Weltauffassung: Der Wiener Kreis [The Scientific Conception ofthe World: The Vienna Circle], in: O. Neurath, Empiricism and Sociology, (ed. by M. S. Cohen), D. Reidel Publishing Company: Dordrecht, 1973, p. 306. CARNAP'S METAPHILOSOPHY 43 14. Here are a few bibliographical details (with information regarding the English translations): "Überwindung der Metaphysic durch logistic Analyse der Sprache," Recentness 11 (1932), pp. 219-241 (Eng. tr. by A. Pap, in: A.

See Rudolf Carnap, Meaning and Necessity: A Study in Semantics and Modal Logic, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1947. Second expanded edition, 1956. 28. See Rudolf Carnap, Logical Foundations of Probability, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1950. 29. See John G. Kemeny, "A Logical Measure Function", Journal of Symbolic Logic 18, 1953, pp. 289-308. 30. See Rudolf Carnap. ), Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Vol. I, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971. 31. See Jaakko Hintikka, "Modality as Referential Multiplicity", Ajatus 20, 1957, pp.

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