By Daniel H Thomas
Located on the head of the Alabama River system—at the juncture of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers—Fort Toulouse in 1717 was once deliberate to maintain the neighborhood Indians impartial, if no longer unswerving, to the French and include the British of their southernmost Atlantic colonies. not like the standard frontier settlements, castle Toulouse was once either a diplomatic put up, on the grounds that its officials acted as resident ministers, and an army submit. since it was once situated in a pleasant territory adjacent a space less than a rival (British) impact, the publish participated in mental conflict instead of in blood-letting. It used exchange and reduction, and used to be conversant in spies and double-agents—welcoming and debriefing British defectors; no cannon used to be discharged in anger at Toulouse.The most outstanding determine to were attached without delay with fortress Toulouse used to be basic Andrew Jackson, who tested an army publish there throughout the battle of 1812 after his victory over the Indians at Horseshoe Bend. The outpost used to be named citadel Jackson in his honor and performed a key function within the treaty negotiations and eventual cost of the Indian land through Americans.In addition to discussing geopolitical and armed forces affairs and diplomatic kin with Indian chiefs, Thomas describes way of life on the submit and the diversity of interactions among citizens and viewers. Waselkov's creation areas the unique 1960 booklet in the context of the present scholarship of that point and provides an in depth and enlightening overview of the latest archaeological and historic learn to Thomas' pioneering paintings.
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Extra resources for Fort Toulouse: the French outpost at the Alabamas on the Coosa
We know only that two soldiers died in their twenties, that the married women had as many as eleven children (but that three was more common), and that there was at least one black slave there in 1743, and a few Indian slaves throughout the occupation of the village. <><><><><><><><><><><><> Artifacts, the broken and discarded material possessions of the Alabama post inhabitants, are frequently more informative concerning daily life Page xxiii than are contemporary documents, most of which are official reports written for the colonial minister in France.
21 With this lapse the South Carolinians reasserted their interest in establishing a fort among the Creeks. 22 They finished the task in March, 1744, but the South Carolina Commons House of Assembly balked at the expense of garrisoning such a remote outpost. It is impracticable to carry Cannon thither for the Defence of a Garrison, or to supply it with Provisions, or to give it any timely or effectual Relief, the Distance being so great . . 23 By October, 1745, Governor Vaudreuil of Louisiana had ascertained that: the so-called fort of the Great Akfaske[Akfaské], which was less a fort than anything, has totally fallen into ruins of itself.
Waselkov The University of Alabama Press Tuscaloosa and London Page iv Introduction Copyright © 1989 by The University of Alabama Press Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487 All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America "Fort Toulouse: The French Outpost at the Alabamas on the Coosa," by Daniel H. Thomas, is published courtesy of Alabama State Department of Archives and History. It appeared originally in the Fall 1960 issue of The Alabama Historical Quarterly, published by the Alabama State Department of Archives and History.