By Xiu-Zhi Zoe Wu
This cutting edge examine at the phenomenon of 'grammaticalization' and its manifestation in chinese language offers new insights into language swap in chinese language and various grammatical themes. Grammaticalization happens in all the world's languages. Xiu-Zhi Zoe Wu demonstrates basic linguistic ideas current and energetic within the phenomenon of grammaticalization when additionally describing the modelling of language in formal theoretical methods to syntax; so this ebook fills significant gaps within the present examine of linguistics. Grammaticalization and Language switch in chinese language illuminates how reviews of language improvement and alter supply precise insights into the certainty of present, synchronic structures of language. utilizing patters from chinese language, the writer establishes cross-linguistic generalizations approximately language switch and grammaticalization. This ebook could be of serious curiosity to chinese language linguists and readers drawn to language swap in several languages.
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Additional info for Grammaticalization and Language Change in Chinese: A formal view
26 There are many suggestions as to how D0, Num0 and Cl0 might be structurally related. I have adopted the structures in (82)-(84) for ease of explanation, but other structures might also be accommodated with the basic proposals put forward here. See Audrey Li (1999a) for further analysis of the internal structure of Chinese DPs. 27 Earlier it was noted that ge alternates with yi-ge as an indefinite determiner in D0 and that ge and yi-ge are essentially equivalent (see footnote 19). There are two possible ways in which ge could have come to combine with yi in D0.
The conclusion Ning draws is that gaps of relativization not licensed as pro by the GCR must indeed result from movement and therefore that at least a substantial sub-section of relative clauses in Chinese are formed by movement. (12) *[[na-ge xuesheng kai t] shuoming ta baba youqian] de na-bu che that-CL student drive show his father rich DE that-CL car ‘*the car which that the student drives (it) shows that his father is rich’ Ning (1993) also considers the phenomenon of so-called ‘gapless’ relative clauses in Chinese discussed in Tsai (1992) and elsewhere.
B. nei-ge ren, wo song-le yi-ben shu. ’ (ii) a. wo ba nei-ge ren da-le ge ban-si. ’ b. *wo ba nei-ge ren song-le yi-ben shu. ’ (iii) a. nei-ge ren bei wo da-le ge ban-si. ’ b. *nei-ge ren bei wo song-le yi-ben shu. ’ Both ba -constructions and bei-constructions involve affectedness of the theme or the patient. , the book in the examples), not the indirect object. I assume that it is the affectedness page_47 Page 48 effect which in fact prevents the indirect object of a di-transitive verb from being ba-or bei-preposed.