By Anil K. Pabby, Syed S.H. Rizvi, Ana Maria Sastre Requena
The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, nutrients, and Biotechnological functions, moment Edition offers specific details on membrane separation applied sciences from a world group of specialists.
The guide fills a massive hole within the present literature by means of delivering a finished dialogue of membrane functions within the chemical, meals, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology industries in addition to within the remedy of poisonous business effluents.
This revised moment variation has been up to date and multiplied with discussions of latest membrane items and methods and novel functions in engineering, existence sciences, and effort conversion.
It additionally comprises new chapters within the box of membrane technological know-how and know-how protecting contemporary advances in RO and UF, ionic drinks, nanotechnology, roles of membrane in energy new release, updates on gas cells, new membrane extraction configuration, and different vital subject matters.
The guide is both suited to the newcomer to the sphere because it is for approach engineers and learn scientists (membranologists/membrane specialists) who're attracted to acquiring extra complex information regarding particular purposes. It presents readers with a entire and well-balanced assessment of the current nation of membrane technology and know-how.
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Additional info for Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications
Pluronic F127 = poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(propylene oxide)-b-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PPO-PEO). SMM, surface modifying macromolecule. Type of SMM used = L2MM. years [21–27]. 6 kDa) in PES UF membrane preparation. By adding 10 wt% additive into PES/NMP (15/75) system, the results revealed that PES-Plu membrane achieved the highest hydraulic permeability compared to PES-PVP and PES-PEG membrane and was able to maintain similar rejection curves of dextran mixture. In addition to this, Pluronic is also found to improve resistance against fouling due to protein adsorption by showing >70% of the water flux recovery after a water cleaning process.
The results obtained in this work were in line with the previous data reported where water flux and porosity of membranes were increased with increase in the MW of PEG. PWF was increased remarkably from 340 to 1390 L/m2 h bar when the MW of PEG was increased Advanced Materials in Ultrafiltration and Nanofiltration Membranes from 400 Da to 20 kDa. It must be noted that the mechanical strength of the membrane would be weakened upon addition of a high MW of PEG, that is, 10 and 20 kDa, which is the result of rapid increase in membrane porosity.
5% EGME in Isopar G (8 min) 3. Posttreatment—dryer at 95°C (10 min) 1. 05% SDS in DI water (5 min) 2. 12% IPC in Isopar G (60 s) 3. 1°  PES, polyethersulfone; PPSU, polyphenylsulfone; PAN, polyacrylonitrile; PSF, polysulfone. The subscript number indicates the sequence of process, while the time (in bracket) shows the immersion/process period. All the components added were calculated based on w/v%. JPWP, pure water flux; JWF, water flux; FRw, irreversible fouling factor; R, rejection. NF90 commercial membrane manufactured by Dow Filmtech™.