Historical Dictionary of Japanese Cinema (Historical by Jasper Sharp

By Jasper Sharp

The cinema of Japan predates that of Russia, China, and India, and it's been in a position to maintain itself with out outdoor suggestions for over a century. eastern cinema's lengthy historical past of construction and significant output has visible motion pictures made in quite a few genres, together with melodramas, romances, gangster videos, samurai video clips, musicals, horror motion pictures, and monster movies. It has additionally produced one of the most recognized names within the historical past of cinema: Akira Kurosawa, Hayao Miyazaki, Beat Takeshi, Toshirô Mifune, Godzilla, The Ring, Akira, Rashomon, and Seven Samurai.

The Historical Dictionary of eastern Cinema is an advent to and evaluation of the lengthy background of jap cinema. It goals to supply an access element for people with very little familiarity with the topic, whereas it really is geared up in order that students within the box can also be capable of use it to discover particular info. this can be performed via an in depth chronology, an introductory essay, and appendixes of flicks, movie studios, administrators, and performers. The cross-referenced dictionary entries disguise key movies, genres, studios, administrators, performers, and different contributors. This publication is a wonderful entry element for college kids, researchers, and an individual desirous to be aware of extra approximately eastern cinema.

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As such, the country’s cinematic output can serve to reorient our understanding of the modern era, presenting a detailed chronicle of the historical and social trends of the twentieth century through an alternate, nonWestern perspective to the dominant voice of Hollywood. THE STATE OF THE INDUSTRY In terms of the number of releases, Japan retains one of the largest industries in the world. In 2008, 418 domestically produced films were distributed in Japanese cinemas, as opposed to 388 foreign productions, according to statistics published by the Motion Picture Producers Association of Japan (Nihon eiga seisakusha renmei, or Eiren).

17 December: Takahashi Banmei’s A New Love in Tokyo (Ai no shin-sekai) is released, the first Japanese film passed by Eirin to feature fullfrontal nudity. 1995 19 January: The Kobe, or Great Hanshin earthquake, results in the loss of 6,434 lives. 20 March: The renegade religious cult Aum Shinrikyô perpetrates a series of Sarin Gas attacks on the Tokyo subway. 5 million admissions, a figure that begins steadily increasing from this period onward. 1997 Miyazaki Hayao’s Princess Mononoke (Mononoke-hime) becomes the highest-grossing movie ever released in Japan, until it is overtaken by James Cameron’s Titanic several months later.

Nikkatsu’s films were often hybrids with other genres such as the youth movie (seishun eiga) or even the musical, and directors such as Masuda Toshio have admitted to borrowing wholeheartedly from foreign sources such as Julian Duvivier’s Pepé le Moko (1936) and Jean-Luc Godard’s Breathless (À bout de souffle, 1960). To understand this concept of genre better, the process by which such endemic staples emerged in Japan is worth looking at in a little more detail. As mentioned, the first films produced in the country were shot in 1898, within a very short period of the introduction of cinema technology to Japan, and by the time of the establishment of Nikkatsu in 1909, an industrial scale of Introduction • 9 production had already been realized.

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