Knowledge and Questions. by Franck Lihoreau

By Franck Lihoreau

This distinctive quantity of Grazer Philosophische Studien beneficial properties twelve unique essays at the dating among wisdom and questions, an issue of maximum value to epistemology, philosophical common sense, and the philosophy of language. It increases loads of concerns in each one of those fields and at their intersection, bearing, inter alia, at the concept of rational deliberation and inquiry, pragmatism and advantage epistemology, the issues of scepticism and epistemic justification, the speculation of statement, the opportunity of deductive wisdom, the semantics and pragmatics of data ascriptions, the factivity of information, the research of hid questions and embedded interrogative clauses, propositional attitudes and two-dimensional semantics, contextualism and contrastivism, the excellence among knowledge-that and knowledge-how, the character of philosophical wisdom, and the matter of epistemic price. Addressing those in addition to many different importantly similar matters, the papers within the quantity together give a contribution to giving an outline of the present kingdom of the debates at the subject, and a feeling of the instructions within which philosophical learn on wisdom and questions is at present heading.

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Other examples are: Who is Peter? Peter is a bricklayer. (Belnap 1982, 195) Who is Tully? A Roman statesman and orator. (Stampe 1974, 168–9) Denis Stampe calls such questions ‘ predicate-wanting’, and he follo ws Belnap in thinking that ther e is a syntactic ambiguity in who-questions, even if it is not evident from surface grammar. Some are predicate-wanting questions and others more closely resemble the which-of-these-people questions that we discussed above. Another possibility is that a ‘who’-question always requires a characterisation of the person at issue, and that pragmatic contextual factors determine what sort of characterisation is required: do we need one that uniquely picks out the person in question?

The range of possible answers depends upon who t‘hese people’ are, and this will vary from case to case. , can all infl uence the set of possible answers associated with such a question. Second, once we have determined the range of possible answers in a case like this, there are further questions about how, in context, a particular answer should be expressed. Effective eliciting of information and inquiry will be hindered if w e lack the capacity to identify ho w answ ers should be formulated.

Declaratives are not enough’, Philosophical Studies, 59, 1–30. Belnap, N. and S teel, T. 1976. The Logic of Q uestions and Answers. New Haven: Yale University Press. Bromberger, S. 1992. On What We Don’t Know. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Glanzberg, M. 2005. ‘Focus: a case study on the semantics-pragmatics boundary’, in Szabo, Z. G. ) Semantics versus Pragmatics, Oxford: Oxford University Press: 72–110. Grimaltos, T. and Hookway, Ch. 1995. ‘When deduction leads to belief ’, Ratio, vol.

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