By Simone Weil
En 1943, alors qu'elle a rejoint, à Londres, le commissariat à l'Intérieur de l. a. France combattante, Simone Weil écrit ce qui sera sa dernière oeuvre. Sa mort prématurée quelques mois plus tard met fin brutalement à l. a. rédaction de ce texte majeur par lequel elle entendait apporter sa contribution à los angeles France d'après-guerre. Prélude à los angeles nouvelle Déclaration des droits de l'homme souhaitée par le général de Gaulle, essai sur les explanations du déracinement du peuple français et sur les stipulations de sa renaissance, méditation sur l. a. strength et sur l'obéissance, L'Enracinement est aussi le testomony spirituel de Simone Weil. Selon Albert Camus, qui l'édita pour los angeles première fois en 1949, ce livre «d'une audace parfois poor, impitoyable et en même temps admirablement mesuré, d'un christianisme authentique et très pur, est une leçon souvent amère, mais d'une infrequent élévation de pensée»
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Extra info for L'Enracinement : Ou Prélude à une déclaration des devoirs envers l'être humain
Let us define: A body moves with simple or first degree epicyclical motion if it describes a circle (the epicycle) whose centre moves on another circle (the deferent) about a fixed point. A body moves with nth degree epicyclical motion (n > 1) if it describes a circle (the nth epicycle) whose centre moves with (n - l)th degree epicyclical motion. nth degree epicyclical motion (n s 1) is said to be uniform if the body moves with constant angular velocity about the centre of the nth epicycle and the centre of the jth epicycle ( l < / < n ) moves with constant angular velocity about the centre of the (j - l)th epicycle (or the centre of the deferent, if j = 1).
Luminous ethereal bodies are fixed on some of the spheres. In fact, all except seven are found on the outermost sphere, which is known for this reason as the sphere of the fixed stars. The next three spheres move, respectively, like the last three spheres in the Eudoxian model of Saturn, Saturn itself being affixed to the equator of the third one. Then come three spheres whose rotations cancel out those of the former three, so that a point on the last one moves like a fixed star. The next three spheres move like the last three spheres of the Eudoxian model of Jupiter, and Jupiter is affixed to the last.
Must not that force be subject also to other geometrical necessities ? ” 61 “God, who created everything in the world according to the norms of quantity, also gave man a mind that can understand such things. ” 62 Similar thoughts were voiced in dependently, at about the same time, by Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) and thereafter provided the methodological groundwork of early modern science. None of these ideas was wholly new, but not until the 17th century did they become the mainstay of a sustained syste matic search for comprehensive physical knowledge.