La construction du surhomme : Jean-Marie Guyau, Friedrich by Michel Onfray

By Michel Onfray

Le XIXè siècle a été celui des lots, des Individus et des Grands Hommes. L’eudémonisme social (tome five de cette « Contre-histoire de los angeles philosophie »), et Les radicalités existentielles (son tome 6), retraçaient respectivement l’histoire philosophique des lots et des Individus. Ce troisième volet consacré intitulé La building du surhomme, raconte le rôle tenu par le Grand Homme et son aspiration à l. a. Vie chic dans ce siècle.Tuberculeux dopé au stoïcisme, Jean-Marie Guyau (1854-1888) développe une philosophie vitaliste comme une desktop de guerre contre l. a. morale kantienne. Ce malade défend le don, l. a. générosité, le risque, l. a. dépense, l’action dans une œuvre qui pourrait faire de lui un Nietzsche français. Penseur du républicanisme, il formule un hygiénisme, un racialisme, un natalisme, dangereusement mom and dad de l’idéologie de Vichy à venir. Il défend enfin une immortalité panthéiste et stellaire obtenue par les strains de l’amour quand il a été fort.La determine ontologique du « Surhomme » de Nietzsche (1844-1900) n’est pas sans relation avec cette étrange métaphysique que le philo-sophe allemand connaissait. Nietzsche start avec Schopenhauer et Wagner, proceed avec un lengthy second épicurien et termine avec l’éloge d’un « Surhomme » ultra-caricaturé. Or, celui-ci nomme l’individu ayant compris que los angeles volonté de puissance a les pleins pouvoirs, qu’il faut vouloir cette volonté qui nous veut, puis l’aimer pour accéder à une jubilation suprême. Une process de sagesse à los angeles portée de tous.

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Extra resources for La construction du surhomme : Jean-Marie Guyau, Friedrich Nietzsche (Contre-histoire de la philosophie, tome 7)

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Hegel’s Philosophy of Nature, trans. with an Introduction by Michael John Petry (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1970). Enzyklopa¨die §249, Zusatz. Enzyklopa¨die §250. ’’ [‘‘Die Wissenschaft desselben ist wesentlich System, weil das Wahre als konkret nur als sich in sich entfaltend und in Einheit zusammennehmend und – haltend, d. i. ’’] On this distinction between the normative and the nonnormative being itself normative, see Robert Brandom, ‘‘Freedom and Constraint by Norms,’’ American Philosophical Quarterly, April 1977: 187–96.

But his own philosophy of science dealt with the realm of appearances, not the underlying realm of metaphysical truth. There was also Wahl’s book, Vers le concret (Paris: Vrin, 1932), which Sartre says was particularly important for him and his friends. ), The Cambridge Companion to Foucault (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), 47–70. HEGEL 1 SPECULATIVE NATURPHILOSOPHIE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EMPIRICAL SCIENCES: HEGEL’S PERSPECTIVE Terry Pinkard As a possible source for ideas about the philosophy of science, Hegel might seem like an unlikely prospect.

The essays and complementary primary texts that follow offer much more detail on topics either ignored or treated only schematically above. ) We begin with two essays on the historical background of continental philosophy of science. Terry Pinkard’s discussion of Hegel gives a good sense of the issues that developed out of Kant and the idealistic turn taken by his followers and critics, while Jean Gayon shows the relation between Bergson’s spiritualist metaphysics and his critique of science. Moving into the German neo-Kantian context out of which the continental–analytic division arose, Michael Friedman analyzes Ernst Cassirer’s views on philosophy of science.

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