Life support: the environment and human health by Michael McCally

By Michael McCally

Lifestyles aid brings jointly the simplest clinical details to be had at the implications for human healthiness of the worldwide environmental challenge. Written via renowned physicians and public well-being specialists who see environmental degradation as a significant chance to public healthiness, it presents crucial details for well-being execs, policymakers, involved electorate, and environmental activists. The e-book, that is a sequel to the 1993 severe situation, covers a wide variety of subject matters, together with air and water toxins, inhabitants and intake, weather swap, ozone depletion, ultraviolet radiation, biodiversity loss, habitat destruction, warfare, and weak populations (workers and children). It additionally discusses such debatable themes as environmental endocrine disruption and hazard evaluation. the point of interest is on recommendations. each one bankruptcy ends with particular innovations for activities to unravel specific environmental illnesses. Underlying the e-book are 3 significant issues: that the habitat is a vital determinant of human future health, that prevention of human affliction needs to contain security of our environment, and that well-informed physicians can and will converse with the general public and policymakers approximately environmental dangers.

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Lower threshold and greater bronchomotor responsiveness of asthmatic subjects to sulfur dioxide. Am Rev Respir Dis 1980; 122:873–878. 40. Sheppard D, Saisho A, Nadel JA. Exercise increases sulfur dioxide-induced bronchoconstriction in asthmatic subjects. Am Rev Respir Dis 1981; 123:486–491. 41. Koenig JQ, Pierson WE, Horike M, Frank R. Effects of SO2 plus NaCl aerosol combined with moderate exercise on pulmonary function in asthmatic adolescents. Environ Res 1981; 25:340–348. 42. Linn WS, Venet TG, Shamoo DA, Valencia LM, Anzar UT, Spier CE, et al.

The approach in the United States has been different. Congress passed a Clean Air Act in 1970, which required the EPA to define airquality standards “allowing a margin of safety” to protect the public’s health. This required identifying specific pollutants and setting standards for each. The pollutants chosen as criteria were sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, lead, and total suspended particu- Christiani and Woodin 30 lates. Amendments to the Clean Air Act passed in 1990 replaced TSP with PM10, a more relevant biological measure.

41. Koenig JQ, Pierson WE, Horike M, Frank R. Effects of SO2 plus NaCl aerosol combined with moderate exercise on pulmonary function in asthmatic adolescents. Environ Res 1981; 25:340–348. 42. Linn WS, Venet TG, Shamoo DA, Valencia LM, Anzar UT, Spier CE, et al. Respiratory effects of sulfur dioxide in heavily exercising asthmatics: A dose-response study. Am Rev Respir Dis 1983; 127:278–283. 43. Sheppard D, Eschenbacher WL, Boushey HA, Bethel RA. Magnitude of the interaction between the bronchomotor effects of sulfur dioxide and those of dry (cold) air.

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