By Mohamed Atef, Horst Zimmermann
This e-book describes the latest implementations of built-in photodiodes fabricated in nanometer general CMOS applied sciences. it is usually the necessary basics, the cutting-edge, and the layout of high-performance laser drivers, transimpedance amplifiers, equalizers, and proscribing amplifiers fabricated in nanometer CMOS applied sciences. This e-book indicates the latest effects for the functionality of built-in optical receivers, laser drivers, modulator drivers and optical sensors in nanometer average CMOS applied sciences. Nanometer CMOS applied sciences speedily complex, allowing the implementation of built-in optical receivers for top facts premiums of a number of Giga-bits according to moment and of high-pixel count number optical imagers and sensors. specifically, in your price range silicon CMOS optoelectronic built-in circuits grew to become very appealing simply because they are often broadly utilized to short-distance optical communications, equivalent to neighborhood zone community, chip-to-chip and board-to-board interconnects in addition to to imaging and scientific sensors.
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Extra info for Optoelectronic Circuits in Nanometer CMOS Technology
K. Schneider, H. Zimmermann, Highly Sensitive Optical Receivers (Springer, Berlin, 2006) 14. R. J. H. G. Meyer, Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits (Wiley, New York, 2001) 15. B. Razavi, Design of Integrated Circuits for Optical Communications (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2003) 16. B. Chomycz, Planning Fiber Optics Networks (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008) Chapter 3 Basics of Photodiodes The integrated photodiode is the first stage in the monolithically integrated optical receiver. The photodiode converts the optical power into an electrical current.
E. Zamzow, W. Daum, POF Handbook—Optical Short Range Transmission Systems, 2nd edn. (Springer, Berlin, 2008) References 35 7. M. Atef, R. Swoboda, H. 25-gb/s transmission over 50-m si-pof using a green laser diode. IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 24, 1331–1333 (2012) 8. M. Atef, H. Zimmermann, Optical Communication over Plastic Optical Fibers: Integrated Optical Receiver Technology (Springer, Berlin, 2013) 9. S. Filip Tavernier, High-Speed Optical Receivers with Integrated Photodiode in NanoscaleCMOS.
As the jitter increases the horizontal eye opening is decreasing and a bit error can occur. There are two main jitter categories deterministic jitter and random jitter. Deterministic Jitter: There are many types of deterministic jitter like datadependent, bounded uncorrelated jitter, and duty-cycle distortion jitter. These type of jitter cause ISI and increase the BER. Data-dependent jitter is produced when the signal edge is shifted slightly in time, depending on the values of the adjacent bits.