Order and Constituency in Mandarin Chinese by Audrey Li Yen Hui

By Audrey Li Yen Hui

Recent advancements in generative grammar were very stimulating. the present concept defines a small set of rules that practice to all human languages. Efforts were made to illustrate the adequacy of this conception for a variety of languages. We therefore see a fascinating interface of thought and empirical info: the research of normal languages contributes to defining the homes of common Grammar and the predictions of the speculation assist in uncovering generalizations concerning typical languages. This publication goals so as to add to this intriguing improvement by way of exhibiting how the research of Mandarin chinese language constituent buildings is helping to outline Case idea and the way attention-grabbing generalizations touching on chinese language grammar are exposed via verification of the theoretical predictions. ranging from the inadequacy of labor by means of Koopman, Li, and Travis at the influence of Case directionality on note order, the ebook indicates designated learn of chinese language constituent constructions permits us to lessen the word constitution part of a minimum assertion about the place of the top in a given word. It argues that during a given language the constituent buildings may be correctly captured through the interplay of Case conception, Theta idea, executive concept, and X thought. lengthy­ status controversies referring to chinese language simple notice order are resolved by way of exhibiting that underlying be aware order generalizations can range from floor notice order generalizations.

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Sample text

Since the type of counterexample in (2) requires a detailed analysis of double object structures, I will postpone discussion of this problem to chapter 4. In this chapter I will discuss the type of counterexamples in (3). 1 that descriptive expressions undergo a reanalysis process that is forced by the head-final constraint. 2 I will argue that resultative expressions pattern with subcategorized clauses. 3 I will show that the seemingly postverbal PPs are not real PPs. These constructions instead involve complex verb taking an object NP.

Chinese does not have a preposition like the English for, which assigns Case to infinitival subject NPs; nor does it have exceptional Case marking verbs (to be discussed in chapter 5). In the absence of these Case assigners, we expect no lexical NPs to occur in the infinitival subject position. This expectation is fulfilled: (14) a. Wo jiao ta [(*ta) chi fan]. I call him he eat meal I called him (*he) to eat. DIMENSIONS OF THE CASE MODULE 23 (14) b. Wo quan ta [(*ta) jie yan]. I persuade him he stop smoking I persuaded him (*he) to stop smoking.

The acceptability of (3) thus poses a problem for the generalizations in (1). In order to understand why these expressions occur postverbally, we will first examine their properties in more detail. 1. Properties of DescriptivelResultative Expressions It has been suggested that descriptive and resultative expressions do not belong to the same type of category (Mei 1972). Their difference in categorial status is supported by the following contrast in the distribution of lexical subject NPs: (4) a.

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