By Paul V. Dutton
This can be the 1st entire research of private and non-private welfare in France on hand in English or French. It argues that France concurrently pursued various paths towards common social defense. kinfolk welfare embraced an business version within which type differences and company keep an eye on predominated. against this, safeguard opposed to the hazards of affliction, incapacity, maternity, and previous age a mutual reduction version of welfare. The publication additionally lines overseas affects on French social reform, really from Germany's former territories in Alsace-Lorraine and Britain's Beveridge Plan.
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Extra resources for Origins of the French Welfare State: The Struggle for Social Reform in France, 1914-1947
In addition, provincial industrialists benefited from the creation of a national lobby, the Comit´e Central des Allocations Familiales (CCAF), which aided employers in setting up caisses and coordinated national propaganda on their behalf. lists the caisses de compensation JO, D´ebats parlementaires, Chambre, January , p. . Richemond, “Allocations pour charges de famille et caisses de compensation,” p. . JO, D´ebats parlementaires, Chambre, January , p. . .
In contrast to married fathers, married mothers were simply assumed ineligible for allowances unless they could prove otherwise under titles eight through eleven. Further, the caisse demanded that married women eligible under title eight resubmit written proof of their continued eligibility every six months. As for abandoned and unmarried mothers, their circumstances had to be certified at their local police station. This requirement meant considerable humiliation and probably discouraged numerous eligible women from gaining access to allowances.
The governing board of the CCRP (commission de gestion), which was elected each year by the general assembly, served as the ultimate arbiter of conflicts between employers, workers, and the caisse. Not surprisingly, CCRP regulations devoted considerable attention to the question of exactly who was eligible to receive family allowances. ” This phrase permitted employers to insist that the legal beneficiary (b´en´eficiare) of family allowances was not the worker, but his or her child. The worker, in contrast, was designated as the recipient (attributaire) of the allowance.