Philosophy and Technology II: Information Technology and by Carl Mitcham (auth.), Carl Mitcham, Alois Huning (eds.)

By Carl Mitcham (auth.), Carl Mitcham, Alois Huning (eds.)

Until lately, the philosophy and background of technology proceeded in a separate approach from the philosophy and background of know-how, and certainly with admire to either technological know-how and know-how, philosophical and ancient inquiries have been additionally following their separate methods. Now we see some time past quarter-century how the philosophy of technology has been profoundly in­ fluenced via old reviews of the sciences, and not involved so single-mindedly with the research of conception and rationalization, with the re­ lation among hypotheses and experimental statement. Now additionally we see the normal historic stories of know-how supplemented by way of phi­ losophical questions, and not so it seems that focussed upon contexts of software, on invention and sensible engineering, and at the together stimulating kin among expertise and society. extra, unfortunately, the neat department of highbrow exertions, these essentially drawn differences be­ tween technology and expertise, among the theoretical and the utilized, among discovery and justification, among internalist and externalist techniques . . . all, all became muddled! in part, this can be as a result of inner revolutions in the philosophy and his­ tory of technology (the first outcome being acceptance in their mutual rele­ vance). partially, notwithstanding, this nation of 'muddle' is because of exterior components: technological know-how, at the very least within the final half-century, has turn into so in detail hooked up with expertise, and technological advancements have cre­ ated such a lot of new fields of medical (and philosophical) inquiry that any severe mirrored image on medical and technological endeavors needs to as a result­ forth take their interplay into account.

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This element of intersubjective repeatability is perfected by a technical operation in which the operation is repeatedly executed independently of any immediate human interference. What does this methodological reification or objectification of an action into an operation mean for activities in which human beings "process information"? The transformation of an informing process activity into an information processing operation has as a precondition that its specifically human character of passing on information be dispensed with.

Because of this a self-repeating act of informing or passing on information is not possible - a trivial fact which is nevertheless entirely outside the scope of classical information theory. A human being cannot have the same experience twice. There is an intrinsicly ineradicable element of singularity for the active subject in every informing process. For calculation and computer operations the opposite is fundamental: there dominates the principle of unlimited repetition. For only if an event can be repeated as often as desired according to the same schema, is it able to be mechanically simulated.

Computation of data at the speed of light changes this imbalance. and makes possible a big picture grounded in a big piece of external reality.

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