By Peadar Kirby, Luke Gibbons, Michael Cronin
Over the past decade the Irish economic climate has skilled a interval of exceptional progress which has earned it the name Celtic Tiger. This good fortune has been interpreted by way of educational commentators as marking a social and cultural transformation, what a few have referred to as the reinvention of eire. The essays during this e-book problem the mostly optimistic interpretation of Ireland's altering social order. The authors establish the ways that tradition and society were made subservient to the wishes of the industry during this new neo-liberal eire. They draw on subversive strands in Irish background and supply a broader and extra strong figuring out of tradition as a website of resistance to the dominant social order and as a political capacity to model another destiny.
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Extra resources for Reinventing Ireland: Culture, Society and the Global Economy (Contemporary Irish Studies)
A study was also undertaken, at about the same time, which focused on the cultural context of economic development in Gaeltacht (Irish-speaking) areas. The author, Eileen Kane (1977), looked more specially at the cultural factors that seemed to impede the adoption of economic practices favourable to industrial development. She focused, among other things, on the way people experience time. They did not set aside time for an exclusive purpose; time was not specialised, not entirely dedicated to a specific activity.
In fact, at independence, Ireland quickly established itself as a parliamentary democracy in which citizens enjoyed the whole range of civil and political rights. Relatively modern political institutions were introduced into a society which remained predominantly agricultural and which had undergone little functional differentiation. For instance, the family functioned as a social, economic and political unit. The highly specialised and clearly separated state structure had to operate in a context which had not experienced such a functional specialisation and structural separation.
It is here that culture and politics meet. One expression of this meeting is the fashioning of pedigrees. Just like individuals and families, all social orders depend on furnishing a pedigree that confers historical legitimacy. This pedigree may have a solid foundation in the popular consciousness and its sense of its own history or it may be, as so often it was in Irish history, a bogus genealogy fabricated by usurpers. Celtic Tiger Ireland is a new social order; to this extent it is true to claim that Ireland has been reinvented in the 1990s.