Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility: Current Trends by Togas Tulandi

By Togas Tulandi

Analyzes numerous reproductive and gynecological issues encountered within the care of girls who don't desire to conceive, in addition to those that have hassle with notion, early being pregnant, and menopause. Discusses the most recent suggestions within the therapy of infertility, pelvic ache, ectopic being pregnant, and osteoporosis.

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Drugs Exp Clin Res 1991; 17:451–454. 54. Wilson JD, Foster DW, Kronenberg HM, Larsen PR, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. 9th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1998: 460. 55. Arafah BM. Increased need for thyroxine in women with hypothyroidism during estrogen therapy. N Engl J Med 2001; 344:1743–1749. Copyright 2003 by Marcel Dekker, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 2 Ultralow-Dose Oral Contraception Sally E. A. Joseph S. A. If one were to turn the time clock back to the 1960s, it would become noteworthy that oral contraceptives became available as one prescribed method of contraception.

46 Sylvestre and Gelfand estrogen by bone aromatase activity (18), but also through specific androgen receptors on bone. The different effects of estrogens and androgens on bone markers were evaluated by Raisz and Wiita (19) in 28 postmenopausal women in a double-blind study. 5 mg methyltestosterone for 9 weeks. Bone physiology was measured by markers of bone resorption (deoxypyridinoline, pyridinoline, and hydroxyproline) and formation (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and C-terminal procollagen peptide).

The control group did not change. 9%). Their preliminary data indicate that parenteral testosterone improves both endothelial-dependent (flow mediated) and endothelium-independent (GTN mediated) brachial artery vasodilation in postmenopausal women using long-term estrogen therapy. Androgens have also been found lately to play a role in the cardiac syndrome X. This syndrome is described as the triad of angina pectoris, a positive exercise test for myocardial ischemia, and angiographically normal coronary arteries.

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