Research Opportunities for Managing the Department of by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radioactive Waste Management, Committee on Long-Term Research Needs for Managing Transuranic and Mixed Wastes at Department of Energy Sites

Record from the Committee of long term examine wishes for coping with Transuranic and combined Wastes on the division of strength websites, Board on Radioactive Waste administration. Softcover.

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Additional resources for Research Opportunities for Managing the Department of Energy's Transuranic and Mixed Wastes

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On May 26, 1998, EPA promulgated treatment standards for characteristic metal-bearing wastes, including mixed wastes, under the RCRA Land Disposal Restrictions (LDR) program. The regulations also adopted alternative treatment standards for soil contaminated with hazardous waste. On May 11, 1999, this rule was corrected and clarified, particularly with respect to treatment residuals and point of generation—both of which directly affect DOE mixed waste facilities. DOE facility compliance date was August 1998 for metal standards; authorized state programs control the effective date of soil treatment standards.

From a costsaving standpoint, DOE would like to characterize RH-TRU based on process knowledge only. More realistically, however, DOE believes that Several sites also have buried wastes or contaminated media. These materials may not be containerized or their containers may be breached. 1 BASELINE CHARACTERIZATION STEPS FOR TRU WASTE The characterization steps described here were developed for contact-handled TRU waste and have been applied to TRU mixed waste. The methods, equipment, procedures, determination of uncertainty, and other protocols used at DOE sites to perform these characterizations were approved by the DOE Carlsbad Field Office, New Mexico Environment Department, and EPA.

Radioassay and Determination of Fissile Isotope Content. , gamma scans) to a specified precision and accuracy. The fissile isotope content is assessed using nondestructive assay (NDA) methods, such as passive-active neutron systems. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (USNRC) requirement restricting the amount (several hundred grams) per container of each fissile species to ensure criticality safety. Headspace Gas (HSG). Headspace gas sampling is used to check all waste containers for flammable gases (specifically, volatile organic compounds, hydrogen, and methane).

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