By Committee on Responding to Oil Spills; Ocean Studies Board; Polar Research Board; Division of Earth and Life Studies; Marine Board; National Research Council
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Additional resources for Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment
Filed Jan. 22, 2014). Exchange of Alaska, Record of Recorded Transits, Bering Strait, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012. indd 19 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. S. S. 1 Select Oil Spills and Maritime Accidents of Interest Exxon Valdez — On March 24, 1989, Exxon Valdez, an oil tanker headed for Long Beach, California, struck a reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The collision with the reef punctured 8 of the tanker’s 11 cargo tanks. 8 million gallons of North Slope crude oil.
Gov/of/2011/1103/). indd 16 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. S. , 2008). 83/ thousand cubic feet of gas; BOEM, 2011). It is estimated that 80 to 90% of petroleum hydrocarbon entering the Arctic marine environment is from natural seeps (AMAP, 2008). Becker and Manen (1988) reported the presence of oil seeps in the coastal regions of Alaska and estimated submarine seepage to be approximately 1,000 tons/yr. As crude oil seepage has been estimated to be 600,000 metric tons/yr globally (Kvenvolden and Cooper, 2003; NRC, 2003), natural seeps may be among the most important sources of oil entering the ocean.
7 All were drilled between 1989 and 1991, and several discovered hydrocarbons (USDOI, 2013). Between 2008 and 2011, there were delays in additional exploration. pdf. pdf. pdf. cfm. aspx. aspx. indd 18 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. S. Arctic Marine Environment Introduction in 2012. Drilling was limited to two surface holes, due to issues with readiness of their dome containment device as well as the lack of a fully compliant spill response barge. 1), Shell continued to pursue drilling activity in early 2013, focusing their drilling activities at the Burger prospect in the Chukchi Sea and near the Kuvlum and Hammerhead fields in the Beaufort Sea.