Scientific Philosophy Today: Essays in Honor of Mario Bunge by Leo Apostel (auth.), Joseph Agassi, Robert S. Cohen (eds.)

By Leo Apostel (auth.), Joseph Agassi, Robert S. Cohen (eds.)

This quantity is devoted to Mario Bunge in honor of his 60th birthday. Mario Bunge is a thinker of significant reputation, whose huge, immense output contains dozens of books in numerous languages, on the way to culminate along with his Treatise on easy Philosophy projected in seven volumes, 4 of that have already seemed [Reidel, I 974ff. ]. he's identified for his works on learn tools, the rules of physics, biology, the social sciences, the varied functions of mathematical tools and of platforms research, and extra. Bunge stands for targeted philosophy, classical liberal social philosophy, rationalism and enlightenment. he's courageous, even relentless, in his assaults on subjectivism, mentalism, and spiritualism, in addition to on positivism, mechanism, and dialectics. He believes in good judgment and readability, in technological know-how and open-mindedness - no longer because the philosopher's such as the poli­ tician's rhetoric of motherhood and apple pie, yet as an issue of daily perform, as features to domesticate day-by-day in our pursuit of the existence worthy residing. Bunge's philosophy usually has the standard of Columbus's egg, and he's vulnerable to come to rapid and decisive conclusions at the foundation of argu­ ments which appear to him legitimate; he'll no longer be perturbed by means of the truth that lots of the complicated thinkers within the box carry varied views.

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230) is a category (Bunge expresses this result for events, but it holds in full generality for processes): 36 LEO APOSTEL (a) the basis set of this category is the set of processes; (b) processes can be composed by the following operation

This concept of ontological identity is basic, however, and typically different from logical identity (because it is accompanied by change of properties). Here the ranking of properties as more or less essential is evidently crucial. An individual is destroyed if it loses one property of the highest rank of essentiality. Having offered this idea (not worked out at all and waiting for further analysis) as a possible solution for a problem that Bunge tries to solve "by cutting the Gordian knot" (as he is wont to do; perhaps rightly so if he is to reach a workable theory; but we cannot follow him, being less impressed by axiomatic decisions than by the natural development of a system of concepts), we are now ready to derive the truth of a certain number of Bunge's own postulates.

We made a short attempt to define it as a special case of disposition. We could elaborate this attempt as follows: if a thing t is in a state (or process - the distinction is not essential here) i, and if the possible histories that t can have following i contain in most cases the state e, then t in i has a tendency to get into the state e (measured by either the number of histories in which e occurs or, more adequately, the intensity of the forces actually together with i and driving t to the state e).

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