Sharps Rifles and Spanish Mules: The San Antonio-El Paso by Wayne R. Austerman

By Wayne R. Austerman

In the final two decades America’s higher-education procedure has jeopardized our society’s very destiny via permitting a significant decline in academic caliber. Responding to fashionable egalitarianism and the necessity to allure scholars, schools and universities have initiated wildly cutting edge courses, noncampuses, and nontraditional levels. Worse, they've got decreased all criteria. Nonacademic marketers, attracted via beneficiant federal cash, now call for equivalent prestige with validated faculties. and they're dangerously close to receiving this complete acceptance from irresolute neighborhood accrediting associations.

From his vantage element as Texas' former Commissioner of upper schooling, Kenneth H. Ashworth sounds the alarm to all involved directors and academics in American academia. He harshly criticizes the body-count video game and comfy criteria, illustrating issues of vignettes from his personal significant adventure. He then proposes to educators steps that will aid holiday the cycle of declining caliber. Ashworth additionally provocatively sketches what he sees because the subsequent significant problem to postsecondary schooling: a “postindustrial” probability to the standard of educational research.

Ashworth’s sober reflections tend to impress controversy. He makes, for instance, a broad-based assault upon nontraditional and exterior courses, that have too frequently been uncritically promoted. yet his well-articulated theses call for cautious, even agonizing, attention through all who care approximately American larger schooling and who, like Ashworth, think our schools and universities carry the most important to resolving the advanced and hazardous concerns confronting society.

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Extra info for Sharps Rifles and Spanish Mules: The San Antonio-El Paso Mail, 1851-1881

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After a twenty­minute fight the soldiers and expressmen had to abandon the coach and retreat southward.  29, 1852, Correspondence, 473­77, 485­86. d.  26­27, 1852. " As if challenged by this casual attitude, the warrior bands set out to prove that they were still to be feared. , Daily National Intelligencer, May 20, 1852; Winfrey, Indian Papers, 159­60.  3, 1852.  2, 1852; Wilbarger, Depredations, 115­23. , "Indian Affairs in New Mexico under the Administration of William Carr Lane," New Mexico Historical Review 16 (July, 1941): 221, 228.

29, 1852, Correspondence, 473­77, 485­86. d.  26­27, 1852. " As if challenged by this casual attitude, the warrior bands set out to prove that they were still to be feared. , Daily National Intelligencer, May 20, 1852; Winfrey, Indian Papers, 159­60.  3, 1852.  2, 1852; Wilbarger, Depredations, 115­23. , "Indian Affairs in New Mexico under the Administration of William Carr Lane," New Mexico Historical Review 16 (July, 1941): 221, 228.  18, 1852.  2, 14, 1852.  The year 1853 promised to be profitable.

The various bands of Indians along the route soon found a coach and its herd of spare animals too tempting a prey to resist.  The mule dealers, carpenters, and wheelwrights of the town counted on profiting from his losses.  Calhoun, 485­87.  The barren stretch of trail between the hamlet of Doña Ana and the campground of Fray Cristóbal lived up to its title, Jornada del Muerto.  After a twenty­minute fight the soldiers and expressmen had to abandon the coach and retreat southward.  29, 1852, Correspondence, 473­77, 485­86.

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