By Bernd M. Buchholz, Visit Amazon's Zbigniew Styczynski Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Zbigniew Styczynski,
Efficient transmission and distribution of electrical energy is a primary requirement for sustainable improvement and prosperity. the area is dealing with nice demanding situations in regards to the trustworthy grid integration of renewable power assets within the twenty first century. the electrical strength structures of the longer term require basic thoughts and improvements to fulfill those demanding situations. the ecu Union’s “Smart Grid” imaginative and prescient presents a primary evaluate of the precise deep-paradigm adjustments within the transmission, distribution and provide of electricity.
The ebook brings jointly universal issues starting with clever Grids and the features of recent energy crops in line with renewable power and /or hugely effective iteration rules. It covers the complicated applied sciences utilized at the present time within the transmission and distribution networks and cutting edge ideas for conserving today’s excessive energy caliber below the hard stipulations of large-scale stocks of unstable renewable power assets within the annual power stability. in addition to contemplating the recent basic and secondary expertise strategies and keep an eye on amenities for the transmission and distribution networks, potential industry stipulations permitting community operators and the community clients to realize merits also are mentioned. The transforming into position of data and verbal exchange applied sciences is investigated. the significance of latest criteria is underlined and the present overseas efforts in constructing a constant set of criteria are defined intimately. The presentation of foreign reports to use novel shrewdpermanent Grid ideas to the perform of community operation concludes this book.
The authors of the booklet labored for a few years to improve shrewdpermanent Grid ideas inside of nationwide and foreign tasks and to introduce them within the perform of community operations.
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Extra info for Smart Grids – Fundamentals and Technologies in Electricity Networks
Increasing the efficiency of electricity generation by more than 60 % may be achieved by three means: • Technological improvement, • Combined cycle (CC)—using the gas flow after combustion in gas turbines and the generated heat for steam production, • Cogeneration of heat and power (CHP). The potential and the efficiency of RES are being investigated in a number of studies. 2 presents the data of the Desertec vision . The Desertec vision has been published by the Desertec Foundation, which is an organization founded by people from the Mediterranean region and Europe with support from the Club of Rome.
In synchronous generators there is a direct coupling between the mechanical speed of the rotor and the frequency of the voltage. Therefore, synchronous generators that are connected directly to the network are operated at constant speed. The angular speed of the aerodynamic rotor follows the continuous wind fluctuations, which are, due to the direct coupling to the generator, transmitted to the generator and thus the frequency of the voltage changes, too. Therefore, in order to connect a synchronous generator operating at variable speed to the network a frequency converter system has to be used.
The transmission network of Continental Europe (RG CE) is the largest synchronously interconnected transmission system in the world, serving 450 million people with an annual electricity consumption of 2,500 TW h. It contains an installed power plant capacity of about 630 GW and 230,000 km of transmission overhead lines (400/220 kV). The transmission network was extended by the East German and the CENTRAL transmission networks of some Eastern European countries in 1994 and by the re-connection of the Balkan countries in 2004 (after the war in the former Jugoslavia).