By William Kauffman Scarborough
William Kauffman Scarborough's soaking up biography, The Allstons of Chicora wooden, chronicles the background of a South Carolina planter kinfolk from the opulent antebellum years during the trauma of the Civil struggle and postwar interval. Scarborough's exam of this terribly enterprising relatives makes a speciality of patriarch Robert R. F. W. Allston, his spouse Adele Petigru Allston, and their daughter Elizabeth Allston Pringle. Scarborough exhibits how Allston, within the 4 many years ahead of the Civil battle, switched over a small patrimony right into a Lowcountry agricultural empire of 7 rice plantations, the entire whereas incomes a world acceptance for the standard of his rice and his services. Scarborough additionally examines Allston's twenty-eight-year occupation within the kingdom legislature and as governor from 1856 to 1858. Upon his dying in 1864, Robert Allston's spouse of thirty-two years, Adele, without notice came upon herself on the head of the kin. Scarborough lines how she effectively stored the kinfolk plantations afloat within the postwar years via a chain of choices that exhibited her astute company judgment and memorable energy of personality. within the subsequent new release, one of many Allstons' 5 kids the same course. Elizabeth Bessie Allston took over administration of the remainder family members plantations upon the dying of her husband and, to be able to repay the plantation mortgages, launched into a hugely profitable literary profession. Bessie authored books, the 1st treating her stories as a girl rice planter and the second one describing her early life prior to the struggle. a big contribution to southern historical past, The Allstons of Chicora wooden offers a desirable examine a favorite southern kinfolk who survived the traumas of struggle and demanding situations of Reconstruction.
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Extra info for The Allstons of Chicora Wood: Wealth, Honor, and Gentility in the South Carolina Lowcountry
It was not desirable for any hand to be given a task that he could not finish with relative ease. In general the ordinary winter task in the rice districts required eight to nine hours for the slowest hand to complete and ten hours during the summer months. These tasks were assigned to each hand in proportion to their age, gender, and physical ability. Thus, they were labeled quarter-, half-, or full hands. The tasks throughout the rice region were relatively standardized. In an article that appeared in De Bow’s Review in 1858, Benjamin Allston listed the daily tasks for a full hand on the Allston plantations: turning up rice land with a hoe—¼ acre; listing (making alternating beds and furrows)—½ acre; bedding up or ridging—⅜ acre; trenching—¾ acre containing 180 rows; sowing (by women)—1½ acres; hoeing rice, corn, and potatoes—½ acre if land in good order; ditching—600 cubic feet.
It soon became apparent, however, that Allston had been the victim of blatant voter fraud. At the Carver’s Bay or Small Hopes poll, one of the six polls in the election district, Dozier had received 104 votes to none for Allston. It was alleged that numerous poor people from adjacent and unionist Horry District had been paid a dollar a day to go to Small Hopes and vote at a poll where no more than 42 votes had ever been cast before. John W. Coachman, a State Rights candidate for the House, charged that he had been threatened at the poll and warned that no member of his party should be present.
W. Allston to Adele Allston, Nov. 27, Dec. 6 (quotation), 1833, in Allston Papers, SCHS. 26 the allstons of chicora wood seat, and the dispute was referred to the Committee on Privileges and Elections. After examining numerous witnesses, the committee submitted a report recommending that Allston be declared the winner of the senatorial election in Prince George Winyah. 15 Robert Allston would never again face a serious challenge in the senatorial elections that followed. Taken as a whole, one might characterize his service in that body as solid but not spectacular.