By Pamela Lubell
In 1936 a gaggle of chinese language communists have been published from penal complex after a humiliating renunciation of communism. The chinese language Communist occasion then secretly hired them to provoke aid in nationalist components of the rustic. The occasion later condemned the contributors of this crew as renegades sooner than eventually rehabilitating them in 1978. Pamela Lubell uncovers the attention-grabbing heritage of those communists, referred to as the Sixty-one, and in doing so produces a revealing account of the tensions in the chinese language Communist social gathering.
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Additional resources for The Chinese Communist Party During the Cultural Revolution: The Case of the Sixty-One Renegades (St. Antony's)
30 Though the party’s tactics changed to favour rural uprisings, the formation of soviets and the development of armed forces, the purpose was still to reinforce or spark off proletarian action and liberate the cities. qxd 10/11/01 03:43 PM Page 31 1936: On the Eve of War and Freedom 31 working-class backbone to the party’s membership and less reliance on the intelligentsia. What it got in the cities was a frustrated cadre force dominated by intellectuals whose most fruitful work was with other intellectuals and students.
A costly ticket, it was still valid more than three decades later to transport them back to prison in Beijing, this time under the custody of their own party. Their harsh treatment – torture and medical neglect – cost some their lives, as it cost Liu Shaoqi his in October 1969. Others somehow endured. 45 Chapter 5 traces the long-drawn-out process of rehabilitation. The case of the sixty-one still had a role to play in the mid 1970s, when Mao pursued his extraordinary balancing act between the radical and moderate elements in the party leadership.
To establish an anti-Japanese united front . . to devise slogans and forms of struggle suited to the concrete circumstances of an already rising tide in the revolutionary movement (especially among the students and the intelligentsia) . . (Liu Shaoqi, Selected Works)2 1936 was indeed a turning point, not just for scholars and revolutionaries but for entire nations and vast continents. 3 For Bo Yibo, An Ziwen, Yang Xianzhen, Liu Lantao and their comrades in Beijing’s Caolanzi prison, 1936 was the year they achieved freedom and took up a new and formative role in the communist revolution.