The Counter-Revolution of 1776: Slave Resistance and the by Gerald Horne

By Gerald Horne

The winning 1776 insurrection opposed to British rule in North the United States has been hailed nearly universally as an exceptional breakthrough for humanity. however the Africans then living within the colonies overwhelmingly sided with London. during this trailblazing booklet, Gerald Horne enhances his previous celebrated Negro Comrades of the Crown, via displaying that during the prelude to 1776, the abolition of slavery appeared all yet inevitable in London, delighting Africans up to it outraged slaveholders, and sparking the colonial revolt.

In the prelude to 1776, progressively more Africans have been becoming a member of the British army, and anti-slavery sentiments have been deepening all through Britain. And within the Caribbean, rebellious Africans have been chasing Europeans to the mainland. not like their opposite numbers in London, the ecu colonists overwhelmingly linked enslaved Africans with subversion and hostility to the established order. For ecu colonists, the main risk to safeguard in North the United States used to be a overseas invasion mixed with an rebellion of the enslaved. And as 1776 approached, London-imposed abolition through the colonies was once a really actual and dangerous possibility—a probability the founding fathers feared might convey the slave rebellions of Jamaica and Antigua to the 13 colonies. to stop it, they went to war.

The so-called progressive battle, Horne writes, was once largely a counter-revolution, a conservative move that the founding fathers fought on the way to shield their liberty to enslave others—and which this present day takes the shape of a racialized conservatism and a power racism focusing on the descendants of the enslaved. The Counter-Revolution of 1776 drives us to a thorough new figuring out of the normal heroic construction delusion of the United States.

Listen to Horne talk about The Counter-Revolution of 1776 at the KPFA (Berkeley, CA) convey Against the Grain

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79 Wittingly or not, reform proposals by London only served to incite the settlers even more, particularly those who were bent on imposing a model of development based on mass enslavement of Africans.  . 80 London appeared to present a clear and present danger to the lives and fortunes of settlers. The decision to rebel, though festooned in the finery of freedom, wound up depriving a countless number of Africans of the liberty that the 1776 revolt has been thought to have provided. S. is desperately in need of revisiting.

By the late 17th century, Caribbean settlers and their enslaved Africans from this sugar island were trickling into Newport. 59 Yet as important as Rhode Island was to slavery and as a refuge for retreating Caribbean colonists, it was far from being singular. By the summer of 1671, about half the Europeans and more than that of the Africans who were in South Carolina—in some ways the prismatic and paradigmatic province, which illuminated the mainland as a whole60— hailed from Barbados. This trend continued for about two decades, at which point a continuing influx from Africa began to assert itself.

Augustine—known to house an encampment of the settlers’ disturbing nightmare: armed Africans. The English pillaged St. 65 Rebellious Africans >> 37 Juan Marquez Cabrera, who was part of the earlier attacking forces, reported that the enslaved he encountered asked him if he had “some canoes in which to be able to flee with them and come to St. ” It was not reassuring to Carolina settlers that Africans considered to be troublemakers in Havana were routinely dispatched to St. Augustine; apparently, Carolina Africans were taken by these Spanish plunderers to Havana and in turn were capable of returning to their “home” eager to settle scores.

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