By Dieter Henrich
Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843) has lengthy been well-known as one of many maximum poets of the German language, yet his significance to philosophy has surfaced purely relatively lately. even if Schelling and Hegel stated Hölderlin early on as their equivalent, for a very long time his philosophical idea remained unknown open air the small circle of his pals. one of the such a lot well-liked figures within the rediscovery of Hölderlin's proposal is Dieter Henrich, who, in a sequence of hugely influential stories during the last thirty years, has proven that Hölderlin performed a decisive position within the improvement of philosophy from Kant to Hegel, and accordingly within the formation of German Idealism. between different issues, Henrich proven that Hölderlin, whereas nonetheless a scholar, introduced a strong critique of Fichte's Wissenschaftslehre and defined an alternative choice to the dominant view of the root of philosophy. This replacement proved pathbreaking for his philosophical acquaintances, forcing Hegel, for instance, to desert his personal Kantianism and, finally, to offer systematic articulation to a place that went even past Hölderlin's. This quantity comprises six of Henrich's most crucial essays on Hölderlin's philosophical importance. one of the subject matters mentioned are Hölderlin's motivation and methodological orientation in his paintings on German Idealism, the highbrow surroundings of Hölderlin's scholar years and the philosophical difficulties that occupied him, Hölderlin's angle towards any first-principle philosophy, and the complicated own and philosophical relationships among Hegel and Hölderlin. The final essay is an extended, precise interpretation of 1 of Hölderlin's maximum poems, "Remembrance." In elucidating its lyric composition and constitution, Henrich additionally seeks to teach the way it contains and develops Hölderlin's philosophical idea.
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Additional info for The Course of Remembrance and Other Essays on Hölderlin
Her helpless, semiconscious figure is contrasted to the antiseptic atmosphere of the station and to Walter, the medical attendant on duty, "an older man in a white-and-red striped blouse with bared arms. He was wearing steel-frame spectacles; he had lost the hair from the middle of his skull, but on the sides it was bushy and grew malevolently toward the front, black and gray" (E 142). In a narrative so completely restricted to externals, it is no surprise that this figure is as brutal as his description would suggest.
It is significant that the heaviest blow to Wadzek is not defeat at the hands of his business rival Rommel. 10 The real stroke of fate is Wadzek's realization at the end of the second book that no one has persecuted and besieged him, that he has been heroically tilting at windmills. The crisis in the middle of the novel is precipitated precisely by the destruction of his heroic image of himself. 11 The narrator makes clear at the first introduction of Schneemann that he is important as a type: "There were many men like him in the city," and "Like all men of his type, he had a clever, suffering wife and several children" (W 12).
While men battle and wage war against each other, you produce children as a bloody tribute to war and heroism; think of the demands of destiny. 43 In this text too, one hears clear echoes of Nietzsche. But in Marinetti's novel Mafarka le Futiriste there are no heroic women bearing the warriors of the future. On the contrary, women are useful only for their "valeur animale," as in the mass rape of captured Negresses in the first chapter: [The soldiers] had laid out all the Negresses, wriggling and bruised, in the mud, and they were taking aim with their black, sooty rods, more twisted than roots.