By Stephen K. Hamilton, Julie E. Doll, G. Philip Robertson
Proof has been mounting for a while that in depth row-crop agriculture as practiced in built nations will not be environmentally sustainable, with matters more and more being raised approximately weather switch, implications for water volume and caliber, and soil degradation. This quantity synthesizes 20 years of study at the sustainability of temperate, row-crop ecosystems of the Midwestern usa. The overarching speculation guiding this paintings has been that extra biologically dependent administration practices may possibly drastically lessen destructive affects whereas retaining adequate productiveness to satisfy calls for for foodstuff, fiber and gasoline, yet that roadblocks to their adoption persist simply because we lack a complete figuring out in their merits and downsides.
The learn in the back of this ebook, established on the Kellogg organic Station (Michigan country collage) and performed below the aegis of the long term Ecological examine community, is dependent on a origin of large-scale box experiments that discover possible choices to traditional, chemical-intensive agriculture. experiences have explored the biophysical underpinnings of crop productiveness, the interactions of crop ecosystems with the hydrology and biodiversity of the wider landscapes during which they lie, farmers' perspectives approximately replacement practices, monetary valuation of atmosphere prone, and international affects corresponding to greenhouse gasoline exchanges with the ambience. not like such a lot learn tasks, the long term layout of this examine allows id of gradual or not on time techniques of swap in keeping with administration regimes, and permits exam of responses throughout a broader diversity of climatic variability. This quantity synthesizes this finished inquiry into the ecology of different cropping platforms, settling on destiny steps wanted at the route to sustainability.
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Additional resources for The Ecology of Agricultural Landscapes: Long-Term Research on the Path to Sustainability
Emery. 2007. Succession and restoration in Michigan old-field communities. Pages 162–179 in V. Cramer and R. Hobbs, editors. Old fields: dynamics and restoration of abandoned farmland. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA. Hamilton, S. K. 2015. Water quality and movement in agricultural landscapes. Pages 275– 309 in S. K. Hamilton, J. E. Doll, and G. P. Robertson, editors. The ecology of agricultural Landscapes: long-term research on the path to sustainability. Oxford University Press, New York, New York, USA.
K. Hamilton, J. E. Doll, and G. P. Robertson, editors. The ecology of agricultural Landscapes: long-term research on the path to sustainability. Oxford University Press, New York, New York, USA. , and W. Everman. 2011. Weed control guide for field crops. Michigan State University Extension Bulletin E0434, East Lansing, Michigan, USA. Swinton, S. , C. B. Jolejole-Foreman, F. Lupi, S. Ma, W. Zhang, and H. Chen. 2015a. The economic value of ecosystem services from agriculture. Pages 54–76 in S. K.
Redrawn from Robertson et al. (2014). Farming for Ecosystem Services 37 Conventional management. This stands in contrast to soybean yields, for which the Biologically Based system is equivalent to the Conventional system (Fig. 1). Rotational diversity clearly matters to the delivery of ecosystem services, including yield (Smith et al. 2008). A characteristic of intensive row-crop agriculture is its severe reduction of plant diversity of both crops and weeds.