By Dag Brune, Deborah V. Chapman, Michael Gwynne, Jozef M. Pacyna
Those volumes supply an authoritative evaluate of all of the significant environmental subject matters. targeting the present 'state of the artwork' in addition to the exam of destiny perspectives.
the 1st quantity spotlights the fundamental sciences and environmental exploitation, exploring matters comparable to international climates, marine pollutants, tourism and the surroundings, chemical time bombs and the ozone layer. the second one quantity is dedicated to preventitive suggestions, know-how and administration. advised concepts for environmental tracking, waste administration, responses to grease spills, ecological engineering are defined, as are environmental schooling and overseas legislations. quantity 2 highlights ideas for fixing 'man-made' environmental difficulties.
This reference is addressed to scientists and engineers in and in academia, executive planners and directors, political scientists, attorneys and economists and promotes knowing among specialists in quite a few disciplines.
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Extra resources for The Global Environment: Science, Technology and Management
Others do not have to produce proof that it is harmful. However, the evidence can be tested by others. Procedures must be established to provide the basis for others to assess the issues of scientific uncertainty. Above all, openness is needed. It must be possible to gain insight into all aspects of the products and technology, and the evidence put forward by the institutions in charge. In all, the precautionary principle underlines a major change in the environmental policies for the 1990s compared with former policies.
In such cases only nomadism or transhumance are possible ways of life. When at least part of the rainy season is humid, sedentary agriculture becomes possible. In the drier parts water scarcity is compensated for by rainwater collection, runoff harvesting and reliance on drought-resistant crops. In the more humid parts more water-demanding crops like wheat and maize can be grown. 2 Human Interference With the Landscape The escalating need for improved understanding of life support systems and the ways in which they are disturbed by human activities makes it essential to develop a better recognition of the linkages.
As surface water resources dwindle or become too contaminated, more people are increas’ingly relying on groundwater. About 10 million hectares of agricultural land are rendered unproductive by salinization, water-logging, alkalization and erosion. Life on earth depends on many ecosystem services that include microbial recycling of nutrients, replenishment of atmospheric oxygen, maintenance of atmospheric ozone, water balance and gene pool for world’s stocks of plants and animals and regulation of prey-predator relations.