By Ping Li, Li Hai Tan, Elizabeth Bates, Ovid J. L. Tzeng
Spoken through one-fifth of the world's inhabitants, chinese language differs considerably from so much Indo-European languages in its grammar, lexicon, and written and spoken forms--features that have profound implications for the training, illustration and processing of language. the 1st in a three-volume set on East Asian psycholinguistics, this instruction manual comprises contributions by way of over fifty prime students. It covers issues in first and moment language acquisition, language processing and analyzing, language issues in childrens and adults, and the relationships among language, mind, tradition, and cognition.
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Additional info for The Handbook of East Asian Psycholinguistics: Volume 1, Chinese
Chomsky, 1981, 1986). g. empty categories), in this chapter we will concentrate on its implications for lexical expressions with regard to Binding Principles A, B, and C. In the past two decades, the two presumed characteristics of the Binding Principles, namely “universality” and “innateness,” have inspired much discussion, debate, and research in the fields of both theoretical linguistics and language acquisition. g. , 2000); it has also provided the groundwork for first language acquisition studies.
Children (between 3 and 8) have been tested with different sentence types involving ziji, using various methodologies. The major findings are summarized as follows. Children (between 4 and 8) acquiring Chinese, when given sentences like (20), predominantly choose to coindex ziji with the c-commanding antecedent (Xiao-xiangxiang-de mama) rather than the non-c-commanding antecedent (Xiao-xiangxiang). The responses given by children younger than 4 are Chinese children’s knowledge of the Binding Principles 35 nonsystematic; they allow ziji to have either a non-c-commanding or a ccommanding antecedent.
G. backward pronominalization: ta-name in (11)). The apparent linear precedence restriction has posed a challenge to Principle B as well as Principle C. , he wear yiding maozi. , Mickey Mouse wear yiding maozi. e. e. ta = Milaoshu). For (11), Principle C does not rule out the backward CR reading either because ta in the subordinate clause does not c-command the name (Milaoshu) in the main clause. The inconsistency between the language-specific facts regarding the Chinese pronoun ta and the linguistic facts predicted by the UG Principles has led several scholars to reconsider the specifications given in the UG Principles.