By Rint Sybesma (auth.)
The Mandarin VP offers with a couple of structures in Mandarin chinese language which contain the most verb and the fabric following it, just like the item NPs, resultative words, durative expressions and different parts. the root declare defended during this publication is that each one parts that stick to the most verb in a Mandarin sentence shape one unmarried constituent which capabilities because the supplement of the verb.
The Mandarin VP bargains new and unique analyses of such scorching matters as resultative structures, the ba-construction and verb-le.
additionally, the conclusions drawn from the study into Mandarin syntax are mentioned in additional normal theoretic phrases, which ends up in unique proposals concerning the inner makeup of accomplishments and the prestige of Theta conception.
The study said on during this e-book was once concluded in the bounds of mainstream generative theorizing.
The Mandarin VP is of curiosity to all syntacticians, specifically these attracted to Chinese.
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Additional resources for The Mandarin VP
Zhu (1961) has found parallels between reduplication and modification with hen 'very' in the sense that certain adjectives may take part in certain syntactic processes only if they are either reduplicated or modified with hen 'very'. In this light, the obligatoriness of de-insertion, as in (33b) and (34b), does not come as a surprise: movement of the embedded head is barred, insertion of de is the only remaining option. Tense domains. So far we have not concerned ourselves with the question as to what the status is of the result denoting part of de-resultative sentences.
Locative resultatives will be discussed in section 4. One more comment is in order. Although we have established that, strictly speaking, the de-construction is not a resultative, I will continue to use the term "de-resultative". This is for convenience only. This also makes it possible to continue to refer to both structures with the term "resultatives". As will be clear, many processes still apply to both strcutures and it is convenient to have one label to refer to both. lo 3. 1. Causatives The term subject calls for caution.
Li (1985 :95,96) does too, though in a note (p. 13 agrees). This seems to be the case, although (77b), with a pronoun, though maybe slightly marked, is not ungrammatical either. Mulder and Sybesma (1992) make the following suggestion to explain the definiteness effect. Rather than opting for the structure in (78a) as the underlying structure of (77a), they postulate (78b). (78) a. b. wo I wo I [fang place [fang place [yi-xie One-CeL [yi-xie One-CeL shu [zai shujia-shang]]] book at bookshelves-top [zai shuj ia-shang]]] shu [0 there book at bookshelves-top The difference between the structures in (78) is that whereas in (78a) zai shujiashang 'on the bookshelves' is the resultative small clause predicate, it is not in (78b).