By Carine Yuk-man Yiu
This entire research concentrates quite at the use of a closed set of movement verbs in 5 of the foremost dialects, together with Mandarin, Wu, Hakka, Min and Cantonese. the writer exhibits that those dialects shape a continuum with a few displaying extra features of a verb-framed language than the others. The phenomenon displays some of the phases of typological transformation and grammaticalization that the dialects have gone through.
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Additional info for The Typology of Motion Events: An Empirical Study of Chinese Dialects
Keoi 5 m4 jap6 dak 1 heoi 3. ’ b. 佢唔擝得出嚟。 Keoi 5 m4 mang1 dak 1 ceot1 lai4. ’ Previous works 35 c. *佢入唔去。 Keoi 5 jap6 m4 heoi 3. ’ d. *佢擝唔出嚟。 Keoi 5 mang1 m4 ceot1 lai4. ’ Since there are restrictions imposed on V-m4 唔-C but not on m4 唔-V-dak 1 得-C regarding the type of complements that can appear in them, Yue-Hashimoto suggests that such a contrast might reflect the different origins of the two forms. In particular, m4 唔-V-dak 1 得-C might be a native form of Cantonese, whereas V-m4 唔-C, which exhibits the same pattern as that in Mandarin, might represent a stratum from Mandarin, whose use is yet to be integrated into Cantonese.
Gon 2 m4 soeng5 rush not ascend ‘unable to overtake’ The following two examples are provided in Cheung (2007 : 126), in which both are said to be acceptable. 36 Chapter 2. Directional verbs in modern Cantonese (4) a. 行唔入去 haang4 m4 jap6 heoi 3 walk not enter go ‘cannot walk in’ b. 唔行得入去 m4 haang4 dak 1 jap6 heoi 3 not walk mp enter go ‘cannot walk in’ In contrast to Yue-Hashimoto, who would accept (4b) but reject (3) and (4a), the facts from both nineteenth century and modern Cantonese show that directional complements can occur in the complement position of V-m4 唔-C.
Zee 1999) (Total: 19) b [p] d [t] p [ph] t [th] m n f s g [k] gw [kw] k [kh] kw [kwh] ng [ŋ] h z [ts] c [tsh] l j w Table 9. Finals in Cantonese (cf. Zee 1999) (Total: 53) i y e [ɛ] oe [œ] aa [a] u o [ɔ] m [m̩] iu ei [ei] eoi [ɵy] aai [ai] ai [ɐi] ui oi [ɔi] ng [ŋ̩] aau [au] au [ɐu] ou im aam [am] am [ɐm] in yun [yn] eon [ɵn] aan [an] an [ɐn] un on [ɔn] ing [ɪŋ] eng [ɛŋ] oeng [œŋ] aang [aŋ] ang [ɐŋ] ung [ʊŋ] ong [ɔŋ] ip aap [ap] ap [ɐp] it yut [yt] eot [ɵt] aat [at] at [ɐt] ut ot [ɔt] ik [ɪk] ek [ɛk] oek [œk] aak [ak] ak [ɐk] uk [ʊk] ok [ɔk] For the representation of tones, in Mandarin diacritic marks are placed above the vowel letter.