By Lawrence A. Baker (auth.), Lawrence A. Baker (eds.)
For a lot of the 1st 2 hundred years of industrialization, the city water surroundings used to be built via trial and mistake, frequently with accidental outcomes. the fashionable "water closet" turned ordinary; public officers learned that sewers have been wanted, epidemics of cholera and typhoid have been rampart, and finally, the Cuyahoga River in Ohio actually stuck hearth. alongside the best way, we built new technological know-how, new know-how, and new associations. can we do larger sooner or later? will we do larger within the constructing global? This vital premise of this publication is that we will be able to, if we plan the city water setting holistically.
The Water surroundings of Cities is the 1st publication to strengthen this holistic imaginative and prescient. to complete this, center chapters are written by means of top specialists in academia, consulting, and executive. it really is written for the extensive viewers of city water managers: engineers, planners, ecologists, hydrologists, social scientists, and others. Chapters are written to be available to scholars and practitioners throughout disciplines, every one accommodates cross-cutting topics, and the ebook is supported by way of a word list. Chapters study city water budgets, groundwater administration, city water infrastructure, the move of pollution via city platforms, administration of city streams, integration of water into making plans layout, city water sport, the criminal framework for city water administration, associations to regulate city water, and the economics of water provide. Importantly, after writing their middle chapters, bankruptcy authors participated in an NSF-funded synthesis workshop to combine techniques during the e-book. the result's a special synthesis bankruptcy that outlines 5 middle rules for coping with the city water surroundings within the 21st century.
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Extra resources for The water environment of cities
S. , and Oke, T. R. 1999. Evapotranspiration rates in Urban Areas. Impacts of Urban Growth on Surface Water and Groundwater Quality, 259, 235–243. Groffman, P. , Bain, D. , Band, L. , Belt, K. , Brush, G. , Grove, J. , Pouyat, R. , Yesilonis, I. , and Zipperer, W. , 2003. Down by the riverside: Urban riparian ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, 1(6), 315–321. Healy, R. , Winter, T. , LaBaugh, J. , and Franke, O. S. Geological Survey Circular 1308, p. 90. Holman-Dodds, J. , 2003. Evaluation of hydrologic benefits of infiltration based urban storm water management.
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 10(3), 237–242. Grimmond, C. S. , and Oke, T. R. 1991. An evapotranspiration-interception model for urban areas. Water Resources Research, 27, 1739–1755. Grimmond, C. S. , and Oke, T. R. 1999. Evapotranspiration rates in Urban Areas. Impacts of Urban Growth on Surface Water and Groundwater Quality, 259, 235–243. Groffman, P. , Bain, D. , Band, L. , Belt, K. , Brush, G. , Grove, J. , Pouyat, R. , Yesilonis, I. , and Zipperer, W. , 2003. Down by the riverside: Urban riparian ecology.
In London, the layer of London Clay has shrunk as it has become dewatered, leading to a lowering of the land surface in 3 Groundwater in the Urban Environment 39 Fig. 3 m) in the London Basin Chalk aquifer (Walters, 1936) Central London by 20 to 25 cm since 1865 (Clow, 1989) with localized maximum settlement of about 50 cm (Downing, 1994). Other cities have seen much more dramatic changes—Mexico City has subsided by meters—but even a fraction of a meter is enough to create potential structural problems for buildings that experience uneven settling.