Twentieth-Century Spain: Politics and Society in Spain, by Francisco J. Romero Salvado

By Francisco J. Romero Salvado

Today, Spain is a contemporary society with a big profile within the eu Union. This picture contrasts strikingly with the truth of Spain 100 years in the past. After wasting just about all her in a foreign country empire in 1898, Spain confronted the recent century handicapped via foreign isolation, a backward economic system, and a stagnant and elitist political procedure. This ebook tells the gripping tale of Spain's lengthy and sometimes painful fight in the direction of modernity. in this interval, the rustic has noticeable monarchies, one republic, dictatorships and one of many bloodiest civil wars in Europe's contemporary heritage. the writer presents a finished, thorough and specific research of Spain's political, social and monetary evolution all through this century, reading the quandary and cave in of clientelist politics and the makes an attempt at reform in the course of the inter-war years via army dictatorship and revolutionary republic; the Nationalist victory and Franco's authoritarian rule; the dismantlement of the Francoist kingdom; and the consolidation of democracy. there's additionally an overview of Spain's present political situation.

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Additional resources for Twentieth-Century Spain: Politics and Society in Spain, 1898–1998

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Furthermore, the Law of the Constitution of the Army of 29 November 1878 underlined the importance of the military in the Liberal Monarchy. Its second clause stated that the armed forces, beside the normal tasks performed in a constitutional state, had as their primary function the defence of the nation from its internal enemies. The maintenance of public order was left entirely in their hands. The Civil Guard was placed under the control of the Ministry of War. During the history of the Restoration era both parties quickly responded to any social or political unrest with the suspension of constitutional guarantees and the declaration of martial law which granted the army a totally Introduction 15 free hand.

Furthermore, the Law of the Constitution of the Army of 29 November 1878 underlined the importance of the military in the Liberal Monarchy. Its second clause stated that the armed forces, beside the normal tasks performed in a constitutional state, had as their primary function the defence of the nation from its internal enemies. The maintenance of public order was left entirely in their hands. The Civil Guard was placed under the control of the Ministry of War. During the history of the Restoration era both parties quickly responded to any social or political unrest with the suspension of constitutional guarantees and the declaration of martial law which granted the army a totally Introduction 15 free hand.

Hence, right from the start, the army was absorbed into the ruling power bloc. Officers were rewarded with promotions, seats in the Senate, aristocratic titles and representation in both dynastic parties. Politics remained in the hands of civilians but in exchange they were not to interfere in military matters. The post of War Minister was occupied by a general between 1875 and 1917. Furthermore, the Law of the Constitution of the Army of 29 November 1878 underlined the importance of the military in the Liberal Monarchy.

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