Wastewater Purification Aerobic Granulation in Sequencing by Yu Liu

By Yu Liu

A newcomer to the scene, cardio granulation is on its method to changing into the recent new know-how for high-efficiency wastewater therapy. so far, extensive examine has been performed in regards to the certainty of the mechanism of cardio granulation in sequencing batch reactors (SBR) and its program in treating a large choice of municipal and business wastewater. This simple examine has promoted the know-how from laboratory-study all of the solution to the current pilot- and full-scale program. The time is true for a reference that discusses the know-how and its software in wastewater purification.

Wastewater Purification: cardio Granulation in Sequencing Batch Reactors discusses cutting-edge study and alertness of this environmental biotechnology adapted to greater wastewater purification. The seventeen chapters supply a scientific and complete figuring out of cardio granulation in SBR through incorporating basic rules of cardio granulation with the foundation of method operation lower than numerous stipulations. The publication in actual fact explains what cardio granules are and the way they shape. It elucidates key components that effect cardio granulation and addresses universal difficulties encountered and their ideas.

This is the 1st book-length exploration of cardio granulation. different books that conceal it are smaller, much less finished, much less extensive, and not more brand new. This booklet presents first-hand info derived from the authors’ study and offers a newly-developed thought for cardio granulation that provides a deep knowing into the essence of present cardio granulation expertise. utilizing this publication as a platform, the expertise will be built extra and quick utilized within the wastewater remedy industry.

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In order to obtain a stable structure of aerobic granules, the growth force should be properly balanced with the detachment force. However, the effects of growth and detachment forces on aerobic granulation has often been studied independently, as discussed in chapter 7. 6 Effect of the ratio of basalt concentration (Cb) to organic loading rate (Ls) on biofilm density in a biofilm airlift suspension reactor. Ls = 5 (•); 10 (∆); 15 (o); 20 (c) kg COD m–3 d–1. (Data from Kwok, W. K et al. 1998. ) is still lacking.

Ong, S. , van Loosdrecht, M. C. , Ng, W. , and Heijnen, J. J. 1998. Influence of biomass production and detachment forces on biofilm structures in a biofilm airlift suspension reactor. Biotechnol Bioeng 58: 400–407. Liu, Q. S. 2003. Aerobic granulation in sequencing batch reactor. D. Thesis, Nanyang Technology University, Singapore. Liu, Y. and Tay, J. H. 2001a. Detachment forces and their influence on the structure and metabolic behaviour of biofilms. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 17: 111–117.

And Colleran, E. 1997. Effect of feed composition and upflow velocity on aggregate characteristics in anaerobic upflow reactors. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 47: 102–107. , Tay, J. , He, Y. , and Tay, S. T. L. 2004. The effect of hydraulic retention time on the stability of aerobically grown microbial granules. Lett Appl Microbiol 38: 158–163. Rittmann, B. E. and McCarty, P. L. 2001. Environmental biotechnology: Principles and applications. Boston: McGraw-Hill. Robinson, J. , Trulear, M. , and Characklis, W.

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