By Gertjan De Groot, Marlou Schrover
From the conventional stereotyped point of view, femininity and know-how conflict. This adverse organization among ladies and expertise is likely one of the good points of the sex-typing of jobs. males are obvious as technically useful and inventive; girls are visible as incompetent, suitable in basic terms to paintings with machines which have been made and maintained by way of males. males determine themselves with know-how, and expertise is pointed out with masculinity. the connection among know-how, technological swap and women's paintings is, despite the fact that, very complex.; via experiences reading technological swap and the sexual department of labour, this ebook lines the origins of the segregation among women's paintings and men's paintings and sheds gentle at the advanced courting among paintings and know-how. Drawing on study from a couple of eu international locations England, Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands, overseas individuals current precise experiences on women's paintings spanning centuries. The chapters care for a number of paintings environments - paperwork, textiles and pottery, foodstuff construction, civil carrier and cotton and wool industries.; This paintings rejects the concept that girls have been normally hired as unskilled labour within the commercial revolutions, announcing that ability used to be required from the ladies, yet that either the historic list approximately women's paintings and the social development of the idea that of ''skill'' have denied this.
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From the normal stereotyped perspective, femininity and know-how conflict. This destructive organization among ladies and know-how is without doubt one of the positive factors of the sex-typing of jobs. males are noticeable as technically efficient and artistic; ladies are obvious as incompetent, desirable simply to paintings with machines which were made and maintained via males.
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Additional info for Women Workers And Technological Change In Europe In The Nineteenth And twentieth century
1 Number of power frames operated by men and women, 1863 Source: Factory Inspectors’ Reports, 1863, xviii. The next snapshots we have of affairs within the industry suggest that in the long run the knitters were able to capitalize on these attributes and retain the major role as knitters. Although employers through the decades continually sought to employ women as knitters, knitting retained its image as a male skill. ‘Flat’ machines, such as Cotton’s patents, which produced fully fashioned products rather than an unshaped tube as did the circulars, were considered a male specialism.
L. Brandt in 1841, though the production was declining. This mill closed down in the second half of the 1880s. Brandt expanded his dye works into becoming a woollen mill in 1869. After the turn of the century, this company, Brandt’s Klædefabrik, became the biggest woollen mill in Odense and one of the biggest and best known textile factories in Denmark. Another dyer, Claus Dorch, had started a woollen mill connected to his dye works in the 1850s. This company remained small during its years in business (it burned down in 1878).
1935) The British Hosiery Trade, London. G. (1931) Leicester: The Making of a Modern City, Leicester, p. 108. 6 See, for example, Cockburn, C. (1983) Brothers, London; Phillips, A. and Taylor, B. (1980) ‘Sex and Skill: Notes towards a Feminist Economics’, Feminist Review 6, pp. 79–88. 7 Chapman, S. (1967) The Early Factory Masters, Newton Abbott; Henson, G. (1831) History of the Framework Knitters, reprinted 1967, New York. 8 British Parliamentary Papers, 1819, v, Report of the Select Committee on the Framework Knitters’ Petition, p.